Haemodoraceae

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Description

Perennial, rhizomatose, sometimes stoloniferous herbs; rhizomes with a red latex. Leaves parallel-veined, distichous, equitant, linear to ensiform, mainly radical, sheathing at the base, longitudinally connate towards the apex. Inflorescence a terminal, bracteate thyrse, the partial florescences lax or dense cincinni, indument composed of simple hairs. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic to zygomorphic, shortly pedicellate, tepals 6, arranged in 2 whorls, imbricate, free or basally connate, petaloid, subequal; stamens 3, unequal, inserted at the base of the inner tepals, filaments short, glabrous, anthers dithecic, basifixed, introrsely and longitudinally dehiscent, staminodes 0-2, inserted at the base of the outer tepals; ovary superior, 3-locular, ovules 3-∞ per locule, anatropous, with axile placentation, style filiform, persistent, stigma small, simple to slightly 3-lobulate. Fruit a 3-locular loculicidal capsule; seeds 2-∞ per locule, tuberculate, with abundant starchy endosperm.

Distribution

Africa:, Guinea (Guinea present) Australasia: Neotropics: present present South Africa: present U.S.A: present
About 80 species in 14 genera, in South Africa, Australia, New Guinea, and the Neotropics; 4 genera comprising 5 species in the Neotropics, 1 of which also occurring in the U.S.A.

Synonymy

Haemodoraceae sec. PAUL J.M. MAAS & HILTJE MAAS-VAN DE KAMER - Haemodoraceae in Charles N. Horn, Paul J.M. Maas, Hiltje Maas-van de Kamer & A.R.A. GORTS-VAN RuN, FLORA OF THE GUIANAS, Series A: Phanerogams Fascicle 15 182. XYRIDACEAE, 197. PONTEDERIACEAE, 198. HAEMODORACEAE. 1994

    Specimens

    CountryDateCollector + collecting numberHerbariaTypeScanDerivatives
    Aublet, J.B.C.F. s.n.
    Citation: Aublet, J.B.C.F. s.n.

    Benoist, R. 524
    Citation: Benoist, R. 524.

    Benoist, R. 819
    Citation: Benoist, R. 819.

    Chaffanjon, J. 185
    Citation: Chaffanjon, J. 185.

    Cremers, G.A. 4513
    Citation: Cremers, G.A. 4513.

    Cremers, G.A. 6573
    Citation: Cremers, G.A. 6573.

    Cremers, G.A. 7061
    Citation: Cremers, G.A. 7061.

    Cremers, G.A. 7323
    Citation: Cremers, G.A. 7323.

    Feuillet, C.P.G.A. 1170
    Citation: Feuillet, C.P.G.A. 1170.

    Feuillet, C.P.G.A. 501
    Citation: Feuillet, C.P.G.A. 501.

    Fleury, M. 807
    Citation: Fleury, M. 807.

    Foresta, H. de 558
    Citation: Foresta, H. de 558.

    Gaillard, A. 52
    Citation: Gaillard, A. 52.

    Granville, J.-J. de 1054
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 1054.

    Granville, J.-J. de 2199
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 2199.

    Granville, J.-J. de 241
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 241.

    Granville, J.-J. de 2543
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 2543.

    Granville, J.-J. de 3080
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 3080.

    Granville, J.-J. de 4671
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 4671.

    Granville, J.-J. de 550
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 550.

    Granville, J.-J. de 5513
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de 5513.

    Granville, J.-J. de B-4465 p.p.
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de B-4465 p.p.

    Granville, J.-J. de C-100
    Citation: Granville, J.-J. de C-100.

    Guyana, Republic ofAltson, R.A. 580
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Altson, R.A. 580.

    Guyana, Republic ofAppun, C.F. 1360
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Appun, C.F. 1360.

    Guyana, Republic ofAppun, C.F. 2141
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Appun, C.F. 2141.

    Guyana, Republic ofAppun, C.F. 248
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Appun, C.F. 248.

    Guyana, Republic ofArcher, W.A. 2364
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Archer, W.A. 2364.

    Guyana, Republic ofBartlett, AW. 8040
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Bartlett, AW. 8040.

    Guyana, Republic ofBeckett, J.E. s.n.
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Beckett, J.E. s.n.

    Guyana, Republic ofCooper, A. 252
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cooper, A. 252.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 1049
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1049.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 1227
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1227.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 1240
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1240.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 1630
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1630.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 1856
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1856.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 2579
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 2579.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 2902
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 2902.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 3443
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 3443.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 3531
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 3531.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 3874
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 3874.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 4180
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 4180.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 4317
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 4317.

    Guyana, Republic ofCruz, J.S. de Ia 4425
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 4425.

    Guyana, Republic ofDrake, E. s.n.
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Drake, E. s.n.

    Guyana, Republic ofForest Dep. Brit. Guyana 1028
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 1028.

    Guyana, Republic ofForest Dep. Brit. Guyana 160
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 160.

    Guyana, Republic ofForest Dep. Brit. Guyana 2025
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 2025.

    Guyana, Republic ofForest Dep. Brit. Guyana 2909
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 2909.

    Guyana, Republic ofForest Dep. Brit. Guyana 3663
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 3663.

    Keys