Piper paramaribense


Small shrub, sometimes trailing, to 1 m tall. Stem hirsute. Stipules long persistent. Petiole 0.5 cm long, hirsute, vaginate to middle; blade slightly bullate to smooth, coriaceous and silvery shiny or membranous, glandular-dotted, lance-elliptic, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, 7-17 x 2.5-6 cm, apex short-acuminate, maybe somewhat obtuse, base equal or unequally attached to petiole difference at most 0.1 cm, cuneate to obtusish, rounded or subcordate, glabrous but veins appressed-pubescent below; pinnately veined, secondary veins (7-)8-12 per side, originating from throughout primary vein, impressed above, prominulous to strongly prominent below, tertiary veins transverse. Inflorescence erect; peduncle 0.5-1 cm long, glabrous or hirsute; spike 2-4 cm long, yellow or green, apiculate; floral bracts cucullate and pilose on inner side and at base, rachis pubescent. Infructescence erect, to 7 cm long, to 1 cm thick, green; fruits globose or obovoid, 3 mm in diam., glabrous, green, stigmas 3, linear, erect, may give impression of a style, obsolete on fruit.


Guianas: present
The Guianas; ca. 55 collections studied (GU: 2; SU: 12; FG: 43).


Piper maguirei has been described from a young specimen having membranous leaves, whereas P. paramaribense has coriaceous leaves. Comparing the type collection and the descriptions of P. maguirei and of P. paramaribense there seems to be no reason to keep the two taxa separate. The texture of the leaves, however, can not be maintained as a differentiating character when we find in Irwin et al. 55853 similar thin leaves together with characteristic coriaceous ones.
Piper fockei was described from a specimen that C. DC. had included in P. hostmannianum var. berbicense; C. DC. had misread Focke's name as Forbes. Comparing the type and other P. fockei collections with those of P. paramaribense and checking the descriptions I could see no distinguishing characters and decided to synonimize P. fockei under P. paramaribense. The protologue of the latter was somewhat incomplete and has been completed with the material now available. The plants are easily recognisable by the long-persistent stipules, silvery shiny leaves (in dried state) with strongly prominent veins below, and slightly stylose ovaries.
Piper fulgidum Yunck. from Amapá, Brazil is similar to P. paramaribense. I have not yet studied the type collection of the former; I suppose, however, that they are conspecific.
Yuncker (1957: 259) considered P. pertinax Trel. & Yunck. as a synonym of P. paramaribense. Because P. pertinax is a nom. nov. for P. affine (Miq.) C. DC. 1869, non P. affine M. Martens & Galeotti 1843, its type is the type of the basionym, Artanthe affinis Miq. The type of the latter, however, is not known. In Miquel's series of publications on Focke specimens from Suriname () he does not mention any Focke number. Yuncker (l.c. 260) lists under P. paramaribense a Focke 710 specimen from Vredenburger Zandrits, the locality that Miquel mentioned. Focke 710 in U, however, belongs to P. avellanum.


Piper paramaribense C. DC. in A. DC., Prodr. 16: 297. 1869 sec. C.A. Todzia & al. 2006
    • =Piper maguirei Yunck. in Maguire et al., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 75: 289. 1948
      • Isotype: Suriname, Tafelberg, lower North Ridge Cr., Maguire 24811 (U).
      • Holotype: Suriname, Tafelberg, lower North Ridge Cr., Maguire 24811.
      • Isotype: Suriname, Tafelberg, lower North Ridge Cr., Maguire 24811.
    • =Piper fockei Trel & Yunck. in Piperac. N. South Amer. 1: f. 322. 1950
      • Holotype: Focke 1234.
      • Isotype: Focke 1234.



    CountryDateCollector + collecting numberHerbariaTypeScanDerivatives
    Focke 1234
    Citation: Focke 1234.

    Specimen summary: Focke 1234.
    Isotype of Piper fockei Trel & Yunck.
    Holotype of Piper fockei Trel & Yunck.

    Guyana, Republic ofHahn 5318
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cuyuni-Mazaruni region, Hahn 5318.

    Guyana, Republic ofClarke 7546
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo region, Acarai Mts., Clarke 7546.

    Irwin et al.
    Citation: Piste de St. Elie, Irwin et al.

    Prévost 1799
    Citation: Saül, Circuit la Fumée, Prévost 1799.

    Suriname, Republic ofLindeman & Görts-van Rijn et al. 307
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Kabalebo Dam area, Lindeman & Görts-van Rijn et al. 307.

    Suriname, Republic ofIrwin et al. 57710
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Wilhelmina Mts. near Kayser airstrip, Irwin et al. 57710.

    Maguire 24811U
    Citation: Suriname, Tafelberg, lower North Ridge Cr., Maguire 24811.

    Specimen summary: Suriname, Tafelberg, lower North Ridge Cr., Maguire 24811.
    Isotype of Piper maguirei Yunck.
    Holotype of Piper maguirei Yunck.

    Specimen summary: U
    Isotype of Piper maguirei Yunck.

    de Granville et al. 9684
    Citation: Upper Marouini basin, de Granville et al. 9684.