1Inflorescence a panicle or panicle-like, in axils of leaves, often also on older branches and on the main trunk.
1'Inflorescence a raceme or spike, in axils of leaves, rarely on older branches or on the trunk.
2Shrub or small tree, polygamous (gynodioecious). Flowers distinctly pedicelled. Drupe ellipsoid, 8-16 mm long
2'Small tree. Flowers unisexual, sessile, the female flowers often with a very short pedicel, elongated in fruiting state. Drupe ellipsoid, 2.3-4 cm long
3Flowers in racemes, mostly 3 per bract. Bracts broadly ovate to ovate or cordate, caducous before anthesis. Tepals free or united at the base only (rarely female flowers without perianth).
3'Flowers in spikes, each flower in the axil of a small (c. 1 mm long) persistent bract. Tepals united, tube urceolate, lobes shorter than the tube
4Shrub or small tree. Rachis of raceme glabrous or puberulous, pedicels glabrous. Bracts basally attached, not peltate. Drupe usually less than 1.5 cm long.
4'Liana, sometimes an erect shrub. Rachis of raceme and pedicels densely covered with brownish hairs. Bracts peltate. Drupe ellipsoid, 1.5-3 cm long
5Flowers bisexual. Raceme at least 2.5 cm, mostly longer. Drupe ellipsoid.
5'Plant dioecious. Raceme 1-2 cm long. Female flowers without perianth, male flowers with free tepals. Drupe ± orbicular
6Tepals free, recurved. Stamens exceeding the perianth. Disk annular. Drupe 8-16 mm
6'Tepals united at base, tube cupular, lobes spreading. Stamens not exceeding the perianth. Disk cupular with irregularly lobed margin. Drupe 9-16 mm long, resting on the thickened disk