Cyperus procerus

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Cyperus procerus

Description

Perennial with stoloniferous rhizome. Leaves canaliculate, spongious or coriaceous, firm, gradually acuminate, scabrid at the top, up to 9(-15) mm wide. Inflorescence simple or subcompound, loose, relatively small, 10-15 cm long. Stamens 3;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: India present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Philippines (Philippines present), Australasia: Queensland (Queensland present), Ceylon present, Cochinchina present, E. China present, Java and adjacent islands present, Luzon present, Madagascar present, N. Borneo present, Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Formosa present), Tropical Africa present
From Ceylon and India to Cochinchina, E. China, and Formosa, southward to Queensland, in Malesia rather rare: Malay Peninsula, Java and adjacent islands, N. Borneo, Philippines (Luzon). According to KUKENTHAL varieties in tropical Africa and Madagascar; see, however, .

Uses

The tough stems split in three are sometimes used as strings or binder twines.

Notes

In typical C. procerus the rachis of the spikes is smooth, while in all Malesian specimens it is more or less scabrous-hispid. The Malesian plants may therefore be referred to: var. lasiorrhachis CLARKE.

Citation

CAMUS 1912 – In: Fl. Gén. I.-C.: 62
BACK. 1928: Onkr. Suiker: 138: t. 136
Koord. 1911 – In: Exk. Fl. Java: 191
Ridl. 1925 – In: Fl. Mal. Pen.: 147
SCHEFFER 1874 – In: Nat. Tijd. N. I.: 48
ROTTB. 1922 – In: Exk. Fl. Java: f. 223
VALCK. SUR. 1898: Gesl. Cyp. Mal. Arch: 131: t. 4 f. 34
Benth. 1878 – In: Fl. Austr.: 276
BACK. 1949 – In: Bekn. Fl. Java, (em. ed.): fam. 246, p. 36
KÜK. 1935 – In: Pfl. R.: 91
Miq. 1856 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat.: 278
KERN 1968 – In: Back. & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 3: 478
Clarke 1884 – In: J. Linn. Soc. Bot.: 152
Ridl. 1925 – In: Fl. Mal. Pen.: 140
Ridl. 1907 – In: Mat. Fl. Mal. Pen. (Monoc.): 70
ROTTB. 1893 – In: Fl. Br. Ind.: 610
NAVES 1882: NOV. App.: 303