Willughbeia coriacea

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Willughbeia coriacea

Description

Large climber to 30 m. Leaves: Inflorescence axillary, very rarely terminal; Sepals oblong or ovate, 1.5-4 mm long, lobes 0.8-3.3 by 0.6-1.9 mm, 1.1-2.5 times as long as wide, apex rounded to acute, glabrous, ciliate. Stamens inserted at 1.5-2.7 mm from corolla base which is 0.31-0.51 of tube length; Ovary 0.3-1.1 mm long; Fruit spherical, pear-shaped, oblong or ellipsoid, 2.6-12 by 1.7-7 cm, green, yellow or orange. Seeds 1.3-1.8 by 0.7-1.3 by 0.7-1.1 cm.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), southern Thailand present
Southern Thailand; in Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Java.

Uses

Before the introduction of Hevea brasiliensis as the main source of rubber W. coriacea was cultivated in plantations to produce a high quality rubber. The latex and dried powdered fruit are used to treat ulcers and the bark is used to treat headaches and to stop bleeding. A decoction of the root is used against dysentery. The fruit is edible.

Citation

Hook.f. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1882: 623
Ridl. - in J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1911: 129
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 496
Wall. - in PROSEA. 2000: 133
Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. 1942: 626
Coode et al., Checklist Pl. Brunei. 1996: 29
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1923: 323
G. Don - in Gen. Hist. 1837: 102
A.DC. - in Prodr. 1844: 321
Tsiang - in Sunyatsenia. 1934: 93
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 496
Burkill & M.R. Hend. - in Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 1925: 395
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 390
Markgr. - in Blumea. 1973: 412
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 496
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 496
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 224
King & Gamble - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1907: 394
Burkill & M.R. Hend. - in Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 1925: 395
Stapf - in Trans. Linn. Soc. London. 1894: 207
Tsiang - in Sunyatsenia. 1934: 93
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1923: 323
Ridl. - in J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1900: 82
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1993: 37
Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. 1942: 626
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 391
Hallier - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1913: 371
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 424
D.J. Middleton - in Blumea. 1993: 8
King & Gamble - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1907: 393
Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. 1942: 627
D.J. Middleton - in Fl. Thailand. 1999: 19
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 496
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 496
Boerl. - in Bull. Inst. Bot. Buitenzorg. 1900: 4
Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. 1942: 626
Ridl. - in J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1900: 82
Hook.f. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1882: 624