Aglaia odoratissima

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Aglaia odoratissima

Description

Small tree up to 12(–20) m. Bark smooth, greenish-grey to brown, with small lenticels in longitudinal rows; inner bark green or magenta; sapwood pale pink or pale yellowish–brown or dark reddish-brown; occasionally with some white latex. Leaves few on each twig, imparipinnate, 10–30 cm long, 5–30 cm wide; peti- ole 1.5–6.5 cm, greenish brown, petiole, rachis and petiolules densely covered with scales and stellate hairs similar to those on twigs. Petals 5. Staminal tube less than half the length of the corolla, shallowly cup-shaped with the apical margin incurved and shallowly 5–lobed; anthers c. 0.2 mm long and wide, ovoid, inserted just below and protruding through the aperture of the tube, pointing towards the centre of the flower. Fruits 1.5–2 cm long, 1–1.5 cm in diam., ellipsoid or obovoid, rounded at apex and tapering at base, yellow, orange or orange-red, dense- ly covered with pinkish-orange stellate scales turning brown when dry; pericarp 1–1.5 mm thick, fibrous and flexible, the innermost layer a detachable membrane which sur- rounds the seed. Seed c. 1.3 cm long, 0.9 cm wie e and 0.8 cm through; aril ± completely covering the seed, pale pink, translucent, gelatinous, sweet-tasting, attached along the raphe; seed coat thin, hard, dark brown; main vascular bundle running through the raphe and antiraphe, divaricately branching from the raphe over the sides of the seed. 2n = 84 .

Distribution

?Lesser Sunda Islands present, Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present), Burma present, Nicobar Islands present
Nicobar Islands, Burma, Thailand,; Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Philippines, Celebes, ?Lesser Sunda Islands.

Taxonomy

Aglaia odoratissima is usually a small tree with slender, more or less hori- zontal branches. The leaflet indumentum is inconspicuous, but the peltate scales inter- spersed with stellate hairs which occur along the midrib may be seen with a lens. The presence of peltate scales distinguishes this species from A. elliptica.

Uses

Timber hard and fairly durable .

Citation

Pannell 1989 – In: Tree Fl. Malaya. p 221
Miq. 1868 – In: Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 43.
King 1895 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng. p 67
Backer & Bakh. f 1965 – In: Fl. Java. p 128
Koord. 1913 – In: Atlas. t. 160
Ridley 1922 – In: Fl. Malay Penins. p 404
Corner 1940 – In: Wayside Trees. p 457
Corner 1988 – In: Wayside Trees, ed. 3. p 496
Corner 1978 – In: Gard. Bull. Sing. p 131
Pannell 1992 – In: Kew Bull., Add. Ser. 237.
Miq. 1868 – In: Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. p 43