Fimbristylis tetragona

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Fimbristylis tetragona

Description

Glabrous, glaucous perennial with short rhizome, or annual in unfavourable circumstances. Leaves of the flowering stems reduced to 2-3 obliquely truncate, membranous, ferrugineous or fuscous, 3-10 cm long sheaths, bladeless or the uppermost with a short, lanceolate blade; Inflorescence consisting of a single terminal spikelet. Stamens 1-3;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: India present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore present); New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present); Thailand (Thailand present), Banka present, Ceylon present, Jesselton present, Kuala Pahang present, Kuching present, Lesser Sunda Is present, Lombok present, Luzon present, Madura present, N. Borneo present, N. Sumatra present, S. Celebes present, S. China present, Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Formosa present), Sumba present, W. and Central Java present, tropical Australia present
From Ceylon and India through Thailand and Indo-China to S. China, Formosa, and tropical Australia; in Malesia: N. Sumatra, Banka, Malay Peninsula (very local: Kuala Pahang, Singapore), W. and Central Java, Madura, Kangean, Lesser Sunda Is. (Lombok, Sumba), N. Borneo (Jesselton, Kuching), Philippines (Luzon), S. Celebes, New Guinea (very local).

Citation

Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip. p 127
STEUD. 1855 – In: Syn. p 107
KÜK. 1943 – In: Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N.F. p 8
R.BR. 1907 – In: Philip. J. Sc. Bot. 91
STEUD. 1855 – In: Syn. p 108
STEUD. 1855 – In: Syn. p 107
Miq. 1856 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat. p 316
Clarke 1909: Ill. Cyp. t. 40 f. 1-4
KURZ 1870 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng. p 85
Clarke 1893 – In: Fl. Br. Ind. p 631
Ridl. 1907 – In: Mat. Fl. Mal. Pen. (Monoc.). p 88
KERN 1968 – In: Back. & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 3. p 462
BACK. 1949 – In: Bekn. Fl. Java, (em. ed.). fam. 246, p. 19
BACK. 1928: Onkr. Suiker: 158. t. 162
Benth. 1878 – In: Fl Austr. p 305
BOECK. 1871 – In: Linnaea. p 7
KUNTH 1837 – In: En. p 242
S. T. BLAKE 1954 – In: J. Arn. Arb. p 208
OHWI 1944 – In: Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Un. B. p 55
Koord. 1911 – In: Exk. Fl. Java. p 198
CAMUS 1912: p. 93. – In: Fl. Gén. I.-C. f. 13, 6-7
Ridl. 1925 – In: Fl. Mal. Pen. p 153