Cerbera manghas

Primary tabs

Cerbera manghas

Description

Tree or shrub to 20 m tall, to 60 cm dbh. Branchlets with very visible leaf scars, glabrous. Leaves: Inflorescence few- to many-flowered, lax, robust, 5-31 cm long; Flowers fragrant. Sepals linear, narrowly ovate or narrowly obovate, 8-21 by 2-9 mm, 2-5.6 times as long as wide, glabrous. Stamens inserted near top of tube with anther apices just beneath corolla throat; Ovaries 1.2-2 mm long; Fruit oblong or ellipsoid;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical, From the Seychelles through eastern Asia and Malesia to the Pacific Islands and northern Australia present
From the Seychelles through eastern Asia and Malesia to the Pacific Islands and northern Australia; in Malesia: throughout.

Taxonomy

Cerbera manghas and C. odollam have been very frequently confused in much of the earlier literature.

Uses

The wood can be used for household items and packaging and makes a good charcoal. It can be used externally against sores and internally as a purgative. The seeds can be made into a fish poison. The seeds also yield an oil that can be used to make candles. Also grown as an ornamental.

Citation

Pradhan - in Singh et al., Fl. Maharashtra State Dicot. 2. 2001: 321
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1997: 125
Pit. - in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3. 1933: 1137
Tsiang & P.T. Li - in Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 1977: 33
Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. 1942: 619
T.C. Huang - in Taiwania. 1986: 94
King & Gamble - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1907: 427
Corner - in Wayside Trees Malaya, ed. 2. 1952: 143
Lý - in Feddes Repert. 1986: 445
Leeuwenb. - in Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 1999: 21
Kessler et al. - in Blumea. 2002: 13
Corner, Wayside Trees Malaya. 1940: 143
M.F. Watson - in Fl. Bhutan. 1999: 666
L. - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1927: 197
Hochr. - in Candollea. 1934: 179
P.S. Ashton - in Man. non-Dipt. Trees Sarawak. 1988: 27
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 500
D.J. Middleton - in Fl. Thailand. 1999: 67
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1993: 35
Kessler & Sidiy., Trees Balikpapan-Samarinda. 1994: 53
Merr. - in Contr. Arnold Arbor. 1934: 144
Burkill - in Dict. Econ. Prod. Malay Penins. 1935: 514
Coode et al., Checklist Pl. Brunei. 1996: 26
Whitmore - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1973: 12
Markgr. - in Nova Guinea. 1926: 284
J.A.R. Anderson, Checklist Trees Sarawak. 1980: 148
P.I. Forst. - in Fl. Australia. 1996: 142
L. - in PROSEA. 1998: 156
Blanco, Fl. Filip. 1837: 125
Bakh.f. - in Blumea. 1950: 386
F.G. Browne, Forest Trees Sarawak & Brunei. 1955: 66
P.T. Li et al. - in Fl. China. 1995: 165
L. - in PROSEA. 2001: 154
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 233
D.J. Middleton - in Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak. 2004: 24
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 435
P.I. Forst. - in Austrobaileya. 1992: 575