Holarrhena pubescens

Primary tabs

Holarrhena pubescens


Shrub or tree to 15 m. Branchlets pubescent or occasionally glabrous. Leaves: Inflorescence appearing as an axillary cyme, rarely terminal, 3.8-9 cm long, lax, pubescent; Flowers fragrant. Sepals ovate to linear, 1.8-4.2 by 0.8-1.3 mm, 1.5-4 times as long as wide, pubescent outside, pubescent or glabrous inside; Stamens inserted at 2-2.3 mm from corolla base; Ovaries 0.6-1.2 mm long; Fruit pendulous, 18-43 cm by 3-7 mm. Seeds glabrous, 13-17 by 1.3-3 mm, coma 23-50 mm long.


Asia-Temperate, Asia-Tropical: Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); Cambodia (Cambodia present); India present; Laos (Laos present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Thailand (Thailand present); Vietnam (Vietnam present), Burma present, Eastern and Southern Africa present, Nepal present
Eastern and Southern Africa, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma, China, Thailand, LaosCambodia, Vietnam; in Malesia: Possibly Peninsular Malaysia (see note).


1 There is considerable confusion over the use of the name H. antidysenterica. This has been clarified by . 2 It is likely that H. malaccensis Wight (= H. pubescens Wall. ex G. Don) was described from a cultivated plant grown in Malacca because H. pubescens is otherwise unknown from Peninsular Malaysia. This species, however, has been collected in Peninsular Thailand not far north of the border so may be native in Peninsular Malaysia.


The bark and oil from the seeds is used as a treatment for amoebic dysentery. A decoction of the bark or leaves can also be added to baths for the treatment of scabies. The leaves can be used for the treatment of bronchitis and on boils, ulcers and haemorrhoids. The wood can be used for the manufacture of all manner of small objects.


Kurz 1877 – In: Forest Fl. Burma: 182
Kerr 1939 – In: Craib, Fl. Siam. 2: 448
Hook.f. 1882 – In: Fl. Brit. India: 644
Pradhan 2001 – In: Singh et al., Fl. Maharashtra State Dicot. 2: 322
M.F. Watson 1999 – In: Fl. Bhutan: 671
Kurz 1877 – In: Forest Fl. Burma: 181
Tsiang & P.T. Li 1977 – In: Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin.: 117
Lý 1986 – In: Feddes Repert.: 617
Miq. 1857 – In: Fl. Ned. Ind.: 441
King & Gamble 1907 – In: J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal: 445
Pit. 1933 – In: Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3: 1169
T.C. Huang 1986 – In: Taiwania: 97
de Kruif 1981 – In: Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool Wageningen: 17
A.DC. 1844 – In: Prodr.: 413
Ridl. 1923 – In: Fl. Malay Penins.: 349
Wight 1848 – In: Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient.: t. 1297
P.T. Li et al. 1995 – In: Fl. China: 180
Miq. 1857 – In: Fl. Ned. Ind.: 440
A.DC. 1844 – In: Prodr.: 413
Wight 1841 – In: Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient.: t. 439
D.J. Middleton 1999 – In: Fl. Thailand: 75