Holarrhena pubescens

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Holarrhena pubescens

Description

Shrub or tree to 15 m. Branchlets pubescent or occasionally glabrous. Leaves: Inflorescence appearing as an axillary cyme, rarely terminal, 3.8-9 cm long, lax, pubescent; Flowers fragrant. Sepals ovate to linear, 1.8-4.2 by 0.8-1.3 mm, 1.5-4 times as long as wide, pubescent outside, pubescent or glabrous inside; Stamens inserted at 2-2.3 mm from corolla base; Ovaries 0.6-1.2 mm long; Fruit pendulous, 18-43 cm by 3-7 mm. Seeds glabrous, 13-17 by 1.3-3 mm, coma 23-50 mm long.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate, Asia-Tropical: Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); Cambodia (Cambodia present); India present; Laos (Laos present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Thailand (Thailand present); Vietnam (Vietnam present), Burma present, Eastern and Southern Africa present, Nepal present
Eastern and Southern Africa, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma, China, Thailand, LaosCambodia, Vietnam; in Malesia: Possibly Peninsular Malaysia (see note).

Taxonomy

1 There is considerable confusion over the use of the name H. antidysenterica. This has been clarified by . 2 It is likely that H. malaccensis Wight (= H. pubescens Wall. ex G. Don) was described from a cultivated plant grown in Malacca because H. pubescens is otherwise unknown from Peninsular Malaysia. This species, however, has been collected in Peninsular Thailand not far north of the border so may be native in Peninsular Malaysia.

Uses

The bark and oil from the seeds is used as a treatment for amoebic dysentery. A decoction of the bark or leaves can also be added to baths for the treatment of scabies. The leaves can be used for the treatment of bronchitis and on boils, ulcers and haemorrhoids. The wood can be used for the manufacture of all manner of small objects.

Citation

Kurz - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 182
Kerr - in Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. 1939: 448
Hook.f. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1882: 644
Pradhan - in Singh et al., Fl. Maharashtra State Dicot. 2. 2001: 322
M.F. Watson - in Fl. Bhutan. 1999: 671
Kurz - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 181
Tsiang & P.T. Li - in Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 1977: 117
Lý - in Feddes Repert. 1986: 617
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 441
King & Gamble - in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1907: 445
Pit. - in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3. 1933: 1169
T.C. Huang - in Taiwania. 1986: 97
de Kruif - in Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool Wageningen. 1981: 17
A.DC. - in Prodr. 1844: 413
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1923: 349
Wight - in Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 1848: t. 1297
P.T. Li et al. - in Fl. China. 1995: 180
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 440
A.DC. - in Prodr. 1844: 413
Wight - in Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 1841: t. 439
D.J. Middleton - in Fl. Thailand. 1999: 75