Chonemorpha fragrans

Primary tabs

Chonemorpha fragrans

Description

Large woody climbers to 20 m high. Branchlets sparsely to very densely pubescent or hispid, rarely glabrous; Leaves: Inflorescence terminal, 10-30 cm long; Stamens inserted at 5.2-12.5 mm from corolla base which is 0.2-0.4 of tube length; Ovaries 1.5-3.4 mm high, glabrous; Fruit 17.6-40 by 1-2.3 cm, fusiform, flattened, glabrous to puberulent. Seeds 13-35 by 4-7 mm with a beak 4-19 mm long;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); Borneo present (Brunei present); Cambodia (Cambodia present); East Himalaya (Bhutan present); India present; Jawa (Jawa present); Laos (Laos present); Lesser Sunda Is. present (East Timor present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present); Vietnam (Vietnam present), Burma present, Nepal present, southern China present
India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Burma, Southern China, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam; in Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (one record from Brunei), Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands (incl. East Timor).

Morphology

Chonemorpha fragrans is an extremely variable species with the specimens from Peninsular Malaysia seemingly particularly distinct with the longer calyx tube and correspondingly shorter lobes and the more densely pubescent calyx. In addition the corolla is generally somewhat smaller than usual. However, there are no discontinuities between these specimens and the rest of the material of the species which shows patterns of variation in other parts of its range.

Citation

Furtado 1935 – In: Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. p 115
P.I. Forst. 1996 – In: Fl. Australia. p 145
Kerr 1939 – In: Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. p 474
Seshagiri Rao 1953 – In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. p 42
Chatterjee 1947 – In: Kew Bull. p 49
Chatterjee 1947 – In: Kew Bull. p 49
I.M. Turner 1997 – In: Gard. Bull. Singapore 47. p 125
Tsiang & P.T. Li 1977 – In: Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. p 204
P.T. Li et al. 1995 – In: Fl. China. p 171
Chatterjee 1947 – In: Kew Bull. p 48
Chatterjee 1947 – In: Kew Bull. p 52
Ridl. 1923 – In: Fl. Malay Penins. p 360
M.F. Watson 1999 – In: Fl. Bhutan. p 683
Kerr 1939 – In: Craib, Fl. Siam. 2. p 474
Seshagiri Rao 1953 – In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. p 44
H. Huber 1973 – In: Abeyw. (ed.), Revis. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 1. p 19
Furtado 1935 – In: Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. p 116
Hook.f. 1882 – In: Fl. Brit. India. p 661
Seshagiri Rao 1953 – In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. p 43
King & Gamble 1907 – In: J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. p 483
Tsiang & P.T. Li 1977 – In: Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. p 204
Alston 1983 – In: Dassan. (ed.), Revis. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 4. p 56
Wight 1841 – In: Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. t. 432
Lý 1986 – In: Feddes Repert. p 656
M. Gangop. & Chakr. 1992 – In: J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. p 37
Pit. 1933 – In: Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3. p 1252
D.J. Middleton 1999 – In: Fl. Thailand. p 122
Sleesen 1958 – In: Nova Guinea. p 344
P.T. Li et al. 1995 – In: Fl. China. p 170
Chatterjee 1947 – In: Kew Bull. p 51
Bakh.f. 1950 – In: Blumea. p 388
Seshagiri Rao 1953 – In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. p 36
Kurz 1877 – In: Forest Fl. Burma. p 187
Miq. 1857 – In: Fl. Ned. Ind. p 444
Spire 1906: Caoutchouc Indo-Chine. p 72
M.F. Watson 1999 – In: Fl. Bhutan. p 683
Chatterjee 1947 – In: Kew Bull. p 49
Seshagiri Rao 1953 – In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. p 43
Backer & Bakh.f. 1965 – In: Fl. Java. p 239
Lý 1986 – In: Feddes Repert. p 656
Chatterjee 1947 – In: Kew Bull. p 49
Tsiang & P.T. Li 1977 – In: Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. p 197
D.J. Middleton 1999 – In: Fl. Thailand. p 122
I.M. Turner 1997 – In: Gard. Bull. Singapore 47. p 125
Furtado 1935 – In: Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. p 115