Viola philippica

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Viola philippica


Perennial; Leaves 1-4 by ½-3 cm, 1-2 times as long as broad, ovate-elliptic to ovate or triangular-hastate, deeply to shallowly cordate to subtruncate at base, with the basal lobes usually somewhat converging, obtuse to rounded, round-crenate to crenate-serrate, usually long-decurrent on petiole, glabrous or puberulent beneath on veins and margins; Stipules 2-8 by 0.8-3 mm, ovate-lanceolate, acute, shortly fimbrio-dentate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, green to rather fuscous, adnate to petiole to ¾ length. Flowers 9½-14½ mm, pale to dark violet; Sepals 3-5.2 by 0.7-1.8 mm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute or rounded entire, glabrous or ciliolate, green with scarious margin; Petals 1.2-3½ times as long as broad, obovate, the laterals not or lightly bearded; Capsule 5-8 mm, ellipsoid, glabrous.


Asia-Temperate: Korea present; Mongolia (Mongolia present), Asia-Tropical: India present; Jawa (Jawa present); Lesser Sunda Is. present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), Burma present, Flores present, Himalayas present, Japan present, Loha present, Luzon present, Mindanao present
Himalayas, India, Mongolia, China, Burma, Korea, Japan, in Malesia: Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands (Flores), Celebes (Loha), Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao). .


BECKER (1917, l.c.) recognized two subspecies distinguished mainly on leaf-shape, viz subsp. munda BECKER, lamina lanceolate or oblong, cuneate to subcordate at base, and subsp. malesica BECKER, lamina broader and shorter with cordate base. The type material contains leaves referable to both these entities, as do collections from a variety of areas (cf. ), and no sub-specific differentiation seems justified on present knowledge. V. philippica is only likely to be confused with V. betonicifolia and the distinguishing characters are summarized under that species.


Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 105
BECKER 1917 – In: Bot. Jahrb.: 174
BACK. & BAKH.f. 1963 – In: Fl. Java: 195
CAVANILLES 1921 – In: Philip. J. Sc.: 719
Miq. 1858 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat.: 113
BACK. 1911: Schoolfl.: 66
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 105