Galearia

Primary tabs

Galearia

Description

Shrubs to small (or big in G. maingayi) trees, dioecious, bole sometimes fluted or with buttresses; Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; Stipules triangular, often thick, hairy outside, glabrous inside (except G. aristifera), entire or with side-lobes in G. aristifera, caducous to late caducous. Inflorescences terminal (to cauliflorous in G. celebica), single, rarely several together when subterminal to many when cauliflorous; Flowers (4- or) 5-merous; Fruits laterally flattened to ovoid to subglobular drupes, often ridged or angular, 4- or 5-cornered, hairy, glabrescent, wall fleshy or bony, either thin and entire or thick with cavities, woody when dry; Seeds flattened, triangular, ecarunculate.

Distribution

Asia: present Asia-Tropical:, Lesser Sunda Is. absent; Maluku (Maluku absent) Solomon Islands: present from Burma, Thailand and Vietnam throughout Malesia: present
An Asian genus of five species, ranging from Burma, Thailand and Vietnam throughout Malesia (unknown from the Lesser Sunda Islands and the Moluccas) to the Solomon Islands.

Taxonomy

Webster (1994) proposed Galearia sessilis Zoll. & Moritzi as lectotype, becauce G. pedicellata (synonym of G. filiformis, lectotype by Forman 1960) can be confused with Bennettia pedicellata R.Br., another synonym of G. filiformis. However, this is against the code and thus the lectotype remains G. pedicellata (see also McNeill et al. 2006, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, Vienna Code).

Citation

Zoll. & Moritzi - in Kew Bull. 1981: 365
Gagnep. - in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 5. 1926: 456
Benth. - in Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3. 1880: 287
Whitmore - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1973: 97
Airy Shaw - in Kew Bull. 1972: 362
Kurz - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 407
Pax & K.Hoffm. - in Engl. & Harms, Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 19c. 1931: 171
Pooma - in Welzen & Chayam., Fl. Thailand 8. 2007: 306
Forman - in Kew Bull. 1960: 311
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1859: 429
Pax & K.Hoffm. - in Engl., Pflanzenfam. IV. 1911: 97
Pax - in Engl. & Prantl, Planzenfam. 3. 1890: 81
Forman - in Kew Bull. 1966: 318
Forman - in Kew Bull. 1971: 155
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1924: 254
Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 1860: 469
Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 1975: 220
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1963: 495
Zoll. & Moritzi - in Kew Bull. 1982: 36
Müll.Arg. - in DC., Prodr. 15. 1866: 1036
Hook.f. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1887: 377
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1968: 649
Baill., Étude Gén. Euphorb. 1858: 311
Meijer - in Bot. Bull. Herb. Forest Dept. Sabah. 1968: 234
Forman - in Kew Bull. 1966: 309
8. 1980: 220
Radcl.-Sm., Gen. Euphorbiacearum. 2001: 127
G.L.Webster - in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 1994: 68