Aglaia samoensis

Primary tabs

Aglaia samoensis

Description

Forest tree up to 7 m. Leaves 19–55 cm long; petiole 4.5–11 cm, the petiole, rachis and petiolules densely covered with scales like those on the twigs. Inflorescence up to 18 cm long and 22 cm wide; peduncle 0.5–2 cm, peduncle, rachis and branches with scales like those on the twigs, but with a greater portion of those with a longer fimbriate margin. Flowers 1–1.5 mm in diam.; pedicel 1–1.5 mm; pedicel and calyx densely covered with fimbri- ate peltate scales. Petals 5 (or 6). Staminal tube 0.75–1 mm long, obovoid, with few to numerous simple (occasionally stellate) white hairs on the inside, especially in the upper 2/3 of the tube; anthers c. 0.4 mm long and 0.3 mm wide, inserted inside the margin of the tube and protruding for about half their length, with some simple white hairs. Fruits 2–3.2 cm long and 1.5–2.5 cm wide, indehiscent, brown, red, orange or yellow, ellipsoid or subglobose when ripe, often asymmetrical when only one seed develops, obovoid when young; the pericarp thin, densely covered with reddish-brown peltate scales which have a fimbriate margin.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical, Bougainville present, New Ireland present, Pacific: Samoa (Samoa present), Santa Cruz Islands present, Solomon Islands present, Vanuatu present, Wallis Islands present, including also New Britain present
Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Santa Cruz Islands, Vanuatu, Wallis Islands, Samoa; Malesia: Papua New Guinea (including also New Britain and New Ireland)

Morphology

Aglaia samoensis has an indumentum of dark reddish-brown peltate scales which have a short fimbriate margin, with some orange-brown scales which have a longer fimbriate margin interspersed. These are few to numerous on the midrib on the lower surface of the leaflets and are sparse or absent elsewhere, so that the midrib has a distinctive dark reddish-brown appearance. The lower surface of the leaflets has numerous small dark reddish-brown pits. The staminal tube has few to numerous simple (occasionally stellate) white hairs on the inside, especially in the upper two thirds of the tube.

Uses

Red timber-wood (Bougainville).

Citation

Pannell 1992: p. 182. – In: Kew Bull., Add. Ser. f. 46.