Fibraurea tinctoria

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Fibraurea tinctoria

Description

Large woody climber up to c. 40 m. Leaves: Inflorescences axillary or ramiflorous, c. 10-38 cm with lateral branches up to 12 cm.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Assam (Manipur present); Borneo present; Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present), Burma present, Dinagat I present, Enggano I present, N. of Mindanao present, NE. Celebes present, NE. India present, Nicobar Is present
NE. India (Manipur, Nicobar Is.), Burma, Thailand, Indochina; in Malesia: Malaya, Sumatra (incl. Enggano I.), Java, Borneo, NE. Celebes, Philippines (Dinagat I., N. of Mindanao).

Uses

The stems are used medicinally in Malaya, as a stomach medicine in Sarawak, also for dyeing and for cordage. HEYNE (1927) and BURKILL (1935) recorded various uses, against dysentery, diabetes and headache; alkaloids occur; the yellow dye is possibly berberine, but see BISSET in FORMAN, l.c. 540.

Notes

In his key, DIELS (l.c. 1910) distinguished F. laxa by its tricomposite male inflorescences up to 50 cm compared with F. chloroleuca with bicomposite male inflorescences up to 20 cm. This distinction is not valid when all the material now available is considered: indeed, the type of F. laxa, the only specimen of that species cited by DIELS, has a single inflorescence no longer than c. 38 cm.

Citation

BURK., Dict. 1935: 1000
MIQ. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1858: 87
MERR., En. Born. 1921: 248
DIELS - in Pfl. R. 1910: 120
MERR., En. Born. 1921: 249
DIELS - in Pfl. R. 1910: 120
MERR. - in Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. n.s. 1935: 157
KOORD.EXK. - in Fl. Java. 1912: 233
LOUR. - in For. Fl. Burma. 1877: 53
NORMAN - in J. Bot. 1926: 142
HOOK.f. - in Fl. Br. India. 1872: 98
DIELS& HACKENB. - in Bot. Jahrb. 1926: 307
MIERS - in Contr. Bot. 1871: 41
MIERS - in Contr. Bot. 1871: t. 93
MERR. - in En. Philip. 1923: 146
BOERL. - in Cat. Hort. Bog. 1899: 37
HEYNE, Nutt. Pl. 1927: 619
YAMAMOTO - in J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 1944: 42
FORMAN - in Kew Bull. 1985: 549
KING - in J. As. Soc. Beng. 1889: 380
BURK. & HEND. - in Gard. Bull. S. S. 1925: 344
YAMAMOTO - in J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 1944: 41
GAGNEP. - in Fl. Gén. I.-C. 1908: 135
RIDL. - in J. Str. Br. R. As. Soc. 1900: 42
BACK., Schoolfl. 1911: 42
HOOK.f. & TH., Fl. Ind. 1855: 204
RIDL. - in Fl. Mal. Pen. 1922: 105
BECC. - in Malesia. 1877: 142
RIDL. - in Trans. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1893: 274
SCHEFF. - in Obs. Phyt. 1872: t. 4
KURZ - in J. As. Soc. Beng. 1874: 60
BACK. & BAKH.f. - in Fl. Java. 1963: 157
LOUR. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1868: 81