Arytera litoralis

Primary tabs

Arytera litoralis


Trees, rarely shrubs, 2-40 m high, dbh 7-91 cm; Branchlets hairy when young; Leaves l-3(-4)-jugate; Inflorescences axillary to pseudoterminal (ramiflorous), branching along rachis (basally or unbranched); Flowers 1-3.5 mm in diameter. Petals (2-)5(-6), triangular to rhomboidal to (ob)ovate, 0.5-2.2 by 0.3-1.9 mm, not punctate, claw 0.1-0.4 mm long, blade usually gradually decurrent into claw, margin entire, (sub)pilose, apex obtuse to acute to acuminate, outside glabrous to pilose, inside (sub)glabrous (to subpilose); Stamens 6-8(-10); Ovary 2- (or 3-)locular; Fruits with 1 or 2 (3) well-developed lobes, 0.7-3.6 by 0.5-2.3 cm, loculicidal, smooth to slightly rugose to verrucose, glabrous to slightly hairy, stipe 0-3 mm long, slender to broadly cunéate, lobes not to slightly flattened laterally, 8-23 by 5-21 mm, dorsally rounded to slightly angled; Seeds ellipsoidal to orbicular, not to slightly flattened laterally, 6-24 by 5-19 mm;


Asia-Temperate: Hainan (Hainan present), Asia-Tropical, Bay of Bengal present, NE India present, S China present, SE Asia present, Solomon Islands present
From NE India (Bay of Bengal) all over SE Asia up to S China (Hainan), throughout Malesia, up to the Solomon Islands


For a description of the timber, see p. 427.


1. For a discussion of the nomenclatu-ral problems regarding A. litoralis, see H. Turner (1993).
2. A variable species, which cannot be divided into smaller entities, because intermediates between different forms can always be found. On the Lesser Sunda Islands east of Lombok and in New Guinea the leaves are generally 2-jugate with smaller domatia, and a less scalariform venation; also, the disc is usually rather densely pilose and the lower side of the leaflets often has a denser indumentum on the nerves. Here too, though, more 'typical' forms also occur. In Irian Jaya this species is reported to form buttresses.
3. Rarely (e.g. NGF 5238, 15418, 29771) the endocarp is almost completely pilose, with a glabrous patch near the centre of the valves only. These specimens have sometimes been identified as A. brachyphylla, from which they can be distinguished, however, by their less oblong leaflets with prominent lateral veins on the lower side.


H. Turner 1993 – In: Blumea: 144