Primary tabs



Climbers or scramblers; Leaves opposite, those of a pair equal; Inflorescence of axillary and/or terminal cymes, often forming panicles; Sepal lobes free; Stamens included in the corolla tube, attached in a ring to the style head; Fruit of paired follicles; Seeds beaked, grain narrow ovate or elliptic, flattened;


from India, Japan and China southwards to Vanuatu present
17 species from India, Japan and China southwards to Vanuatu.


A.DC. 2003 – In: PROSEA. p 75
H. Huber 1973 – In: Abeyw. (ed.), Revis. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 1. p 26
Pit. 1933 – In: Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3. p 1229
D.J. Middleton 1996 – In: Blumea. p 38
Backer & Bakh.f. 1965 – In: Fl. Java. p 236
A.DC. 1983 – In: Dassan. (ed.), Revis. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 4. p 69
A.DC. 1999 – In: Fl. Thailand. p 127
D.J. Middleton 2004 – In: Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak. p 7