Spiraeopsis celebica

Primary tabs

Spiraeopsis celebica


Tree to 40 m tall, bole 80 cm diameter. Leaves 1-4-jugate. Stipules broadly ovate to reniform, sessile or with short stalk, 5-18 by 7-24 mm, apex obtuse to rounded or retuse, margin entire to dentate, upper sur-face sparsely hirsute to glabrous, lower surface hirsute and with orbicular glandular tri-chomes. Inflorescences paniculate/thyrsiform, up to c. 50 by 30 cm, usually maturing in subdistal nodes; Flowers sessile or pedicellate, the pedicels up to 2 mm long. Sepals 0.9-1.3 by 0.6-1.1 mm, stel-late-hairy and with glandular trichomes beneath. Petals obovate-spathulate to oblanceolate-oblong, 0.8-1.4 by 0.4-0.5 mm. Stamens with filaments 1.6-3.2 mm long and anthers c. 0.3 by 0.3 by 0.2 mm. Ovary 2(-3)-carpellate, 0.6-0.8 by 0.6-1 mm, densely stellate-hirsute, often with glandular trichomes; Fruit with valves 2.5-4 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, with several seeds. Seeds including wings to c. 1.6 mm long, papillose.


Asia-Tropical: Maluku (Maluku present); New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present), Halmahera present, Mindanao present, New Britain present, New Ireland present, SE Luzon present, Solomon Islands present, Ternate present
Solomon Islands and in Malesia: from the Philippines (SE Luzon to Mindanao) and Sulawesi through the Moluccas (Halmahera, Ternate) to New Guinea (rare in the western half), New Britain and New Ireland.


1 The number of leaflet pairs varies geographically, 3 or 4 pairs being most common in the western part and 1 or 2 pairs in the eastern part. A 6-jugate leaf is known only from a young plant found in Sulawesi. 3. Formerly used for carving of wooden plates (Havel & Kairo NGF 17084, Bulolo). 2. The flowers are rather variable in colour, ranging from cream, whitish-brown, -green, or -yellow to deep mauve or crimson, the stamens being white or pale straw with yellow anthers, and the styles purplish brown or red. They are reported as sweetly scented or not (e.g. Stevens LAE 58476; Endress 4065). Young fruit are yellow-green or green tinged with red, and brownish at maturity. Young leaves are purplish or red.


Koord. 1918: p. 21. – In: Suppl. Fl. Celebes: t. 7a-b
Blume 1858: p. 31. – In: C.Muell., Walp. Ann. Bot. Syst. 5: ‘Dichynchosia’.
Miq. 1857 – In: De Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 155
Koord. 1898 – In: Meded. Lands Plantentium: 450
Merr. & Rolfe 1908 – In: Philipp. J. Sci.: 101
Reinw. 1858: Reis Oostel. Ged. Ind. Arch., (ed. De Vriese): 594
L.M. Perry 1949 – In: J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 145
Burtt 1936 – In: Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew: 462
Merr. 1923 – In: Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl.: 224