Acacia farnesiana

Primary tabs

Acacia farnesiana


Branched shrub or rarely a small tree to 4 m high. Branchlets terete, greyish brown, glabrous, with prominent lenticels. Leaves: Stipules spinescent, up to 5 cm long. Inflorescences consisting of pedunculate glomerules, in groups of 1-7 in the upper leaf-axils; Flowers sessile, golden-yellow, fragrant, pentamerous. Stamens numerous, 4-5.5 mm, anthers glandless. Ovary sub- sessile, c. 1.5 mm, densely puberulous. Seeds elliptic, 6-8 by 4-5.5 mm, only slightly flattened;


Asia-Tropical: Philippines (Philippines present), Northern America, Pantropical present, northern part of tropical America present
Pantropical, probably originating in the northern part of tropical America, where the closest related species are found; now introduced to all tropical and subtropical regions. Burkill [] stated that it was introduced to the Philippines by the Spaniards from Mexico. Recorded throughout Malesia.


Exudes a gum; flowers used for perfume, pods for tanning; the bark has medicinal properties as an astringent.


Verdc. 1979: Manual New Guin. Legum.: 168
Ross 1981 – In: Bothalia: 407
Willd. 1983 – In: Fl. Nouv.-Caled. et Depend.: 29
Nielsen 1981: p. 44. – In: Fl. Camb. Laos Vietnam: pl. 6: 1-8
DC. 1825 – In: Prod.: 461
Pedley 1979 – In: Austrobaileya: 308
Ross 1975 – In: Bothalia: 471
Blanco 1838 – In: Fl. Filip.: 729
Wight 1840 – In: Ic. Pl.: t. 300
Backer & Bakh. f. 1963 – In: Fl. Java: 556
Ross 1979: p. 102. – In: Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Afr.: f. 80