Primary tabs



Shrubs or trees, usually prickly and tomentose. Leaves digitately compound, palmately lobed or simple, with a sheathing base and a usually bicuspid ligule; Inflorescence usually a terminal panicle of umbellules, often with persistent small bracts; Petals 5, valvate. Stamens 5, extrorse. Ovary inferior, 2-celled; Fruit globose, exocarp fleshy, endocarp chartaceous;


Asia-Temperate: Tibet (Tibet present), Asia-Tropical: India present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia presentpresent); Sumatera (Sumatera presentpresent), Indo-Malaya present, W. Java present, West Malesia present, southern China present
More than 20 spp., extending from India, Tibet and southern China to West Malesia: Sumatra, Malay Peninsula and W. Java. In Malesia 6 spp., 1 endemic in Sumatra, 3 endemic in the Malay Peninsula, 2 in Indo-Malaya.


a genus characterized by the 2-celled ovary, columnar style, and non-articulated pedicel, combined with leaves which may be either entire, palmately lobed, or digitately compound. Possibly close to Trevesia, which is similar vegetatively, but which has more massive inflorescences and ovaries with more numerous cells.
In dividing the species into two genera merely on the basis of leaf shape, Hutchinson l.c. fragmented what appears to be a coherent assemblage.


Harms 1900 – In: E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 2: 51
Harms 1894 – In: E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 3: 42
cf Frodin 1973 – In: Misc. Rec. Found. Fl. Males.: 8
King 1898 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng.: 61
Bth. 1865 – In: B. & H., Gen. Pl. 1: 945
Stone 1977 – In: Gard. Bull. Sing.: 280
Hutch. 1967 – In: Gen. Fl. Pl.: 79
Ngoc-Sanh Bui 1966: p. 437. – In: Adansonia: pl. 1
Boerl. 1890 – In: Handl.: 643
Clarke 1879 – In: Fl. Br. Ind.: 735
Hutch. 1967 – In: Gen. Fl. Pl.: 81
Ridl. 1922 – In: Fl. Mal. Pen.: 887