Aglaia oligophylla

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Aglaia oligophylla


Tree up to 20(–25) m. Bark smooth, pinkish-brown, greyish- green or very pale grey, with orange longitudinal and round lenticels and green longitu- dinal streaks and transverse ridges, inner bark green or yellowish-brown; sapwood pale orange brown or pale yellow; very little white latex. Leaves imparipinnate, up to 40 cm long and 30 cm wide; petiole up to 9 cm, petiole, rachis and petiolules with indumentum like the twigs. Inflorescence 10–20 cm long and 9–15 cm wide; peduncle up to 4 cm, peduncle, rachis and branches with surface and with numerous to densely covered with hairs like those on the twigs, the pedicels and calyx dark brown or black when dry and the calyx without or with very few pale brown stellate scales. Flowers up to 2 mm long and 2.5 mm wide; pedicels up to 1.5 mm. Petals 5. Staminal tube about half the length of the corolla, c. 1.3 mm across, depressed-globose with the aperture c. 0.8 mm across; anthers 5, obovoid, about half the length of the tube inserted about half way up the tube and just protruding beyond the aperture. Fruits 1–3 cm in diameter, subglobose; the pericarp brown or yellow, either thin, hard and brittle or thick, woody and longitudinally ridged, densely covered with pale yellowish-brown stellate hairs on the outside.


Andaman Islands present, Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present)
Andaman Islands, Thailand; Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines.


The leaflets of A. oligophylia are either small and have dense pale brown stel- late hairs only on the midrib or are larger and are almost without hairs or scales on the leaflets. Both surfaces are rather shiny when dry and the secondary venation is subprom- inent, resembling that of A. odorata Lour. (China, Indochina and Thailand; cultivated in Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia and Java). It consistently differs from A. odorata in having terete petiolules throughout; the leaflets are usually much larger than those of A. odorata.


Pannell 1989 – In: Tree Fl. Malaya. p 222
Miq. 1868 – In: Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. p 41
Pannell 1989 – In: Tree Fl. Malaya. 215.
Pannell 1992: p. 302. – In: Kew Bull., Add. Ser. f. 90.