Lilium longiflorum

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Lilium longiflorum


Leaves alternate, 20-40(-60), sessile, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, attenuate, with up to 20 or more veins of which up to 7 are usually more conspicuous, the largest on each plant up to 15 by 1.5 cm, usually much smaller distally. Flowers often solitary, but up to at least 7, white, horizontal, (12-)15-20 cm long, infundibuliform, the tube (in dried material) 9-12 mm ø. Capsule c. 4-6 cm long.


Asia-Temperate: Taiwan (Taiwan present), Asia-Tropical: Philippines (Philippines present), Batan Is present, Japan present, N of Luzon present, Y'ami present
China, Japan and Taiwan; in Malesia: Philippines: Batan Is. and Y'ami (N of Luzon), cf. Merrill and Hatusima.
Native country not exactly known, possibly naturalized over part of its range.


Stated by Drysdale Woodcock & Stearn to be commercially the most important species of Lilium, with numerous cultivated forms.


Drysdale Woodcock & Stearn 1950: Lilies of the World. p 253
Merr. 1922 – In: En. Philip. p 204
Hatus. 1966: p. 62. – In: Mem. Fac. Agric. KagoshimaUn. err. longifolium
Elwes 1880: Monogr. genus Lilium. t. 7
Back. & Bakh.f. 1968 – In: Fl. Java. p 90
Back. 1924 – In: Handb. Fl. Java. p 62
Wilson 1925: Lilies of E. Asia. p 23