Erect shrubs or trees, 2-43 m high. Leaves with a single vascular bundle, lanceolate, oval to nearly linear, acute or rounded at the apex, less than 5 times as long as wide, amphistomatic, distichous when juvenile and adult (adult leaves sometimes not distichous), sessile or with a very short petiole. Seed ovate or globular with an elongated beak at the micropylar end.
Asia-Tropical: Maluku (Maluku present); New Guinea present, New Zealand present, Pacific: Fiji (Fiji present), S. Chile present, Southern America: Peru (Peru present); Venezuela (Venezuela present), southern Australia present, western Brazil present
There are 5 spp. from the Moluccas across New Guinea to Fiji and from Peru and western Brazil to Venezuela. Fossils have been reported from southern Australia, New Zealand, and S. Chile . One species in Malesia. .