Polyscias cumingiana

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Polyscias cumingiana


Glabrous shrub or small tree, to c. 4 m, unbranched or with few branches bearing spirally arranged leaves towards their ends. Leaves imparipinnate, up to 100 cm; Inflorescence a large terminal panicle, or with flowering branches also in the axils of the upper leaves; Petals 4-5(-6), 2½-3½ mm long. Stamens 4-5(-6), 2 mm long. Ovary turbinate, c. 2 mm long, 2-5-celled; Fruit subglobose, fleshy, 3-5 mm ø when dry.


Cultivated throughout the region, and also apparently growing as part of the indigenous vegetation.


A common ornamental shrub, especially the cultivars with dissected foliage. Also for culinary use.


A complex of forms requiring intensive biosystematic study. I adhere to the view that the Indo-Malayan material is specifically distinct from the Polynesian Polyscias pinnata J. R. & G. Forster; cf , but some cultivated forms included here may have been derived from the Pacific rather than the Indo-Malayan species. Existing herbarium material, though voluminous, is inadequate to determine whether the complex includes species with more limited ranges.
As in 1. P. fruticosa, cultivated forms with dissected foliage occur.
See also under 4. P. Scutellaria for a discussion of the relationship with that species.
I have not seen the type of Aralia naumannii Marchal which, from the description, I assume to be a synonym.


Merr. 1917: Int. Rumph. p 409
Span. 1841 – In: Linnaea. p 208
Philipson 1978 – In: Blumea. p 169
Miq. 1863 – In: Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. p 15
Vidal 1885: Phan. Cuming. p 117
Harms 1900 – In: K. Sch. & Laut., Fl. Schutzgeb. p 485
Miq. 1856 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat. p 766
Bakh.f. & Ooststr. 1948 – In: Back., Bekn. Fl. Java, (em. ed.), 7. fam. 159, p. 13
Corner 1940: Ways. Trees. p 156
Ochse & Bakh. 1931: Veg. D.E.I: 67. f. 38
Miq. 1921: En. Born. p 458
Boerl. 1890 – In: Handl. p 647
Koord. 1898: Minah. p 15
DC. 1830 – In: Prod. p 254
Back. & Bakh.f. 1965 – In: Fl. Java. p 167
Heyne 1927: Nutt. Pl. p 1209
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip. p 236