Eleocharis spiralis

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Eleocharis spiralis

Description

Perennial, with short rhizome and creeping stol- ons. Stamens 3;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore present); New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present), Australasia: Queensland (Queensland present), Central Distr present, Ceylon present, Kairuka Subdistr present, Luzon present, Madagascar present, Madura present, Mauritius present, N. Australia present, N. Borneo present, New Caledonia present, Papua present, Rizal present, S. China present, S. India present, Tropical Africa present, W.-E. Java present
Tropical Africa, Madagascar (here per- haps introduced), Mauritius, Ceylon, S. India, S. China, N. Australia, Queensland, New Caledonia, in Malesia apparently very rare: Malay Peninsula (Singapore), W.-E. Java, in a few localities; Madura; N. Borneo; Philippines (Luzon, Rizal); New Guinea (Papua, Central Distr., Kairuka Subdistr.). Distribution map in .

Uses

In Indramaju (W. Java) used for making mats.

Notes

Eleocharis spiralis is very near to E. mutata (L.) R. & S. (Scirpus mutatus ) from America and tropical Africa, and might perhaps better be treated as a subspecies of a pantropic species. The two were united by .
E. spiralis differs from E. mutata by the firmer and more sharply truncate glumes, the shorter and thicker spikelets, the smoother nuts with finer markings, and the more irregularly toothed, slenderer bristles.

Citation

R. & S. 1947 – In: J. Arn. Arb. p 227
CAMUS 1912: p. 85. – In: Fl. Gen. I.-C. f. 11, 6-7
BACK. 1949 – In: Bekn. Fl. Java, (em. ed.). fam. 246, p. 15
S. T. BLAKE 1939: p. 97. – In: Proc. R. Soc. Queensl. t. 7, f. 4-6
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip. p 121
R. & S. 1909: Ill. Cyp. f. 5-7
Clarke 1893 – In: Fl. Br. Ind. p 627
STEUD. 1855 – In: Syn. p 81
KERN 1968 – In: Back. & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 3. p 461
BOECK. 1870 – In: Linnaea. p 473
BACK. 1928: Onkr. Suiker: 153. t. 155
SVENS. 1929: p. 135. – In: Rhodora. t. 188, f. 12
KUNTH 1837 – In: En. p 155
Benth. 1878 – In: Fl. Austr. p 292
R. & S. 1939 – In: Rhodora. p 9