Elattostachys verrucosa

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Elattostachys verrucosa


Small trees or shrubs, 4-22 m high, dbh 10-30 cm; Leaves 2-5-jugate; Inflorescences 1.5-6.5 cm long, in fruit 3-10 cm long; Sepals pale green or pale pink, (broadly) elliptic, rarely lanceolate, 1-2.7 by 0.5—1.6 mm. Petals white, 0.6-1.1 by 0.7-1.9 mm, outside shortly appressed-hairy or glabrous, margin ciliate, inside glabrous, claw 0.2-1.2 mm long, auricles woolly or ciliate. Ovary pale green; Fruits green or red-brown to black out-side, red-brown inside, ± globular, rounded-deltoid in cross section, 10-20 by 9-18 mm, wall 1.2-2.4(-3.7) mm thick, outside glabrous. Seeds ellipsoid to obovoid, 4-11 by 4-8 mm, sarcotesta 2-lobed, covering up to (¼—)l/2 of the seed.


Asia-Tropical: Jawa (Jawa present); Lesser Sunda Is. present (Bali present); Maluku (Maluku present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present), Flores present, Lombok present, Luzon present, Mindoro present, Palawan present, Sulu present, Sumba present, Sumbawa present, Tanimbar Island present, Timor present, Wetar present
Malesia: Java, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Palawan, Sulu), Celebes, Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, Wetar, Timor), Moluccas (Tanimbar Island).


1. In this species the lower cotyledon only rarely tapers to a short point folded towards the rootlet.
2. Verheyen 2015/17 and Widjaja 1367 probably belong to this species, although they differ in their slightly larger fruits with thicker walls.


Leenh. 1969 – In: Blumea: 88
Merr. 1923 – In: Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl.: 511
Koord. & Valeton 1903 – In: Bijdr. Booms. Java: 212
Backer 1911: Schoolfl. Java: 269
Backer & Bakh. f. 1965 – In: Fl. Java: 140
Radlk. 1913 – In: Philipp. J. Sc, Bot.: 447
Radlk. 1879 – In: Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. CI. Konigl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Munchen: 601
Hallier 1914 – In: Me-ded. Rijksherb. Leiden: 17
Leenh. 1969 – In: Blumea: 88
Koord. & Valeton 1913 – In: Atlas: f. 128
Merr. 1908 – In: Philipp. J. Sc, Bot.: 418
Schmutz 1978 – In: Fl. Manggarai: Sapind. 3