Elaeagnus conferta

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Elaeagnus conferta

Description

Evergreen woody climber, occasionally erect, up to 12 m, innovations silvery scaly. Leaf elliptic to obovate, 6.5-11 (-12.5) by 3.5—5(—5.5) cm, base obtuse, sometimes rounded, apex acute to acuminate; Inflorescences l-5-(or 6-)flowered fascicles; Flowers trumpet-shaped, 6-8 mm long; Ovary 1-2 by c. 0.5 mm ø, glabrous. Fruit ellipsoid, up to 35 by 15 mm ø (spirit);

Distribution

Andamans present, Asia-Tropical: Assam (Assam present); Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); India present; Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya present; Sumatera (Sumatera present), Bogor present, Burma present, Continental SE. Asia present, Madiun present, Nepal present, P. Penang present, Pegu present, Perak present, Priangan present, Semarang present, Surabaya present
Continental SE. Asia: Nepal, India (Assam), through Bangladesh, Burma (Pegu), Indochina, Andamans& Nicobars, to Malesia: Malaya (P. Penang, Perak), Sumatra, throughout Java (Bogor, Priangan, Semarang, Madiun, Surabaya).

Notes

'T HART & VELDKAMP (1980) at length discussed the typification and location of the types of the complicated synonymy. Elaeagnus gaudichaudiana has been included, the type of which came from Indochina. MERRILL (1935) suggested in his evaluation of LOUREIRO'S species (Flora Cochinchinensis, 1790) its conspecificity with Octarillum fruticosum LOUR. (E. fruticosa (LOUR.) CHEVAL.), which he claimed to be the only representative of Elaeagnus in Indochina. As the LOUREIRO specimen in the BM is sterile, and SERVETTAZ distinguished 3 species in Indochina, this conclusion cannot be accepted. It may be further noted that LOUREIRO described his species with solitary flowers, whiles, conferta usually has several-flowered fascicles which are only occasionally reduced to one flower. Elaeagnus conferta is thus the oldest name available of certain application. Field notes. Usually climbing, rarely a tree, with reddish brown bole. Flowers yellowish, pendulous. Fruit orange-red when ripe, juicy, delicious but acid, up to 4 by 2 cm ø.

Citation

SCHLECHTEND. - in DC., Prod. 14. 1857: 614
SCHLECHTEND. - in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 1909: 103
ROXB. - in Fl. Ind., ed. Carey. 1832: 440
Bl. - in Linnaea. 1859-1860: 377
KURZ - in For. Fl. Burma. 1877: 331
SERV. - in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1908: 389
ROXB. - in Linnaea. 1863: 301
ROXB. - in Fl. Ind. 1820: 460
SCHLECHTEND. - in DC., Prod. 14. 1857: 612
SCHLECHTEND. - in Linnaea. 1859-1860: 370
SERV. - in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1908: 390
A. RICH. - in Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris. 1823: 385, 405
MERR. - in Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 1935: 279
LECOMTE - in Fl. Gén. I.-C. 1915: 181
BACK - in Heyne, Nutt. Pl. 1927: 1152
ROXB. - in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 1909: f. 5.1
'T HART& VELDK. - in Blumea. 1980: with full synonymy and discussion.
BACK. & BAKH.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 86
ROXB. - in Linnaea. 1859-1860: 367