Kadsura lanceolata

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Kadsura lanceolata

Description

Woody vines. Leaves coriaceous, (5-)7-22(-27) |im thick; lamina (ovate-)elliptic, rarely ovate, (5.5-)6.5-13(-14.5) by (2.5-)3-5.5(-6) cm, length: width ratio (1.3-) 1.6-2.7(-2.9); primary vein (slightly) impressed above, prominent below; secondary veins (3-)4-6(-9) pairs, slightly arcuate; base obtuse, rarely truncate (cuneate in younger leaves); apex acuminate, rarely acute; margin entire; petiole (5-)7-18(-22) mm long, 0.9-2.2(-2.6) mm diam. Flowers borne solitary in axils of leaves, occasionally with secondary flower borne in axil of prophyll, always on young growth; peduncle (2-)4- 11(—15) mm long, (0.3-)0.7-1.3(-1.6) mm diameter. Fruit peduncle not markedly elongated, 4-14 mm long; berries 18-32 (possibly more), ripening red or yellow, 5.1-6.6 by 3.8-6.0 mm, length: width ratio 1.0-1.7, berries sessile, pericarp ± uniform in thickness or slightly thicker distally. Seeds 1-3 per berry, discoid to pyriform, (3.7-) 4.1-4.5(-5.2) by (3.0-)3.4-5.0 mm, length: width ratio 0.8-1.3.

Distribution

Ambon present, Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), Halmahera present
Malesia: Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Celebes, and Moluccas (Halmahera and Ambon).

Notes

Accounts of the structure of the leaf cuticle and pollen of Kadsura lanceolata have been published by H.S. Rao and Praglowski , respectively.

Citation

A. Agostini - in Atti Reale Accad. Fisiocrit. Siena. 1926: 194
A.C. Sm. - in Sargentia. 1947
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1922: 21