Rauvolfia verticillata

Primary tabs

Rauvolfia verticillata

Description

Shrub 0.5-5 m high. Leaves confined to the apex of the branchlets, usually in whorls of 3 or 4, sometimes also opposite; Inflorescence 3-12 cm long, usually in whorls of 3 or 4, rarely solitary, lax, 8-24(-more than 35)-flowered; Sepals ovate to subtriangular, very variable in size even within a single cyme, 2-5.5 by 0.8-1 mm, 2-7 times as long as wide, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous. Stamens inserted at 6-10 mm from base, 0.4-0.7 of the length of the corolla tube; Fruit whitish purple when mature, usually of paired mericarps free from each other, with a very short stalk, sometimes only 1 carpel developing, ovoid, sometimes rather straight on one side and convex on the other side, 9-14 by 4.5-7 mm, 1.7-2.5 times as long as wide, apex acute to obtuse. Seeds 1, obliquely ovoid, 7-11 by 4-5 mm, 1.7-2.5 times as long as wide, acute at both ends, glabrous.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Taiwan (Taiwan present), Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Cambodia (Cambodia present); India present; Jawa (Jawa present); Laos (Laos present); Lesser Sunda Is. present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present); Vietnam (Vietnam present), Burma present
India, Sri Lanka, Burma, China, Thailand, Taiwan, LaosCambodia, Vietnam; in Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, Philippines.

Uses

The root is used for hypertensive illnesses and as a sedative. Fresh leaves can be used externally to treat snake bites, wounds and eye problems.

Citation

Tsiang - in Sunyatsenia. 1934: 109
Kessler et al. - in Blumea. 2002: 15
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 419
Whitmore et al., Checklist Bali, Nusa Tenggara Timor. 1989: 14
Merr., Bibliogr. Enum. Born. Pl. 1921: 499
Whitmore & Tantra, Checklist Sumatra. 1986: 20
Lý - in Feddes Repert. 1986: 430
Whitmore - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1973: 21
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1923: 335
Pradhan - in Singh et al., Fl. Maharashtra State Dicot. 2. 2001: 326
Markgr. - in Blumea. 1984: 160
Hendrian & D.J. Middleton - in Blumea. 1999: 464
I.M. Turner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1997: 129
D.J. Middleton - in Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak. 2004: 49
Corner - in Wayside Trees Malaya, ed. 2. 1952: 148
Miq. - in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1857: 404
Monach. - in Econ. Bot. 1954: 358
Baill. - in PROSEA. 1999: 431
T.C. Huang - in Taiwania. 1986: 100
D.J. Middleton - in Fl. Thailand. 1999: 54
Lý - in Feddes Repert. 1986: 430
M.F. Watson - in Fl. Bhutan. 1999: 668
Tsiang & P.T. Li - in Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 1977: 58
Tsiang & P.T. Li - in Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 1977: 58
Baill., Checklist Kalimantan. 1990: 26
Merr. - in Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. n.s. 1935: 312