Shrub or much-branched tree to 22 m high; Branchlets strongly angled or winged by decurrent leaf-scars, puberulous or tomentose. Leaves: Inflorescences terminal, puberulous or tomentose, consisting of pedunculate umbels or corymbs aggregated into panicles to more than 30 cm long; Flowers pentamerous, bisexual. Stamens creamy white or yellow, to c. 13 mm; Ovary solitary, puberulous or sericeous. Seeds black, ovoid to ellipsoid, 6-10 by 6-9 by 6-7 mm.
Asia-Tropical: Assam (Assam present); Bangladesh (Bangladesh present); Bismarck Archipelago (Bismarck Archipelago absent); East Himalaya (Sikkim present); India present; Lesser Sunda Is. absent; Thailand (Thailand present), Burma present, Ceylon present, S China present, S India present, tropical Asia present
Tropical Asia: Ceylon and S India [subsp. subcoriaceum (Thwaites) Nielsen]; the type subspecies (with 4 varieties) in India (Sikkim), Bangladesh, Assam, Burma, S China, Thailand, Indo-China; in Malesia: throughout the region, except for the Lesser Sunda Islands and the Bismarck Archipelago. The most common and widespread species of the genus.
In Malesia 4 varieties of subsp. clypearia are found; subsp. subcoriaceum is endemic to S India and Ceylon (Nielsen 1984).