Horsfieldia superba

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Horsfieldia superba

Description

Tree 10-30 m. Leaves usually in 2, sometimes in 3 rows (see note 2), coriaceous, (elliptic-)oblong, (17—)25— 40(-70) by (7.5-) 10-18(-22) cm, base narrowly subcordate to short-attenuate, apex ± blunt to acute-acuminate; Inflorescences behind the leaves, with ± dense, woolly, long-branched yellowish brown dendroid hairs 0.5-1 mm long; Fruits 1-3 per infructescence, broadly ovoid-ellipsoid, 3.8-5.5 by 2.8-4.5 cm, glabrous, ± coarsely warty and wrinkled, pericarp 8-12 mm thick;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore present); Sumatera (Sumatera present)
Malesia: Sumatra (Central, West), Peninsular Malaysia (almost all states), Singapore.

Taxonomy

3 Sterile H. superba may be confused with Gymnacranther a bancana, also with a stout habit and remaining indumentum on the twig apex and the lower leaf surface, but its hairs are much more interwoven forming a thin felty mat; in H. superba the lower leaf surface is covered with harsh, stellate-dendroid hairs. 1 Related to FL. fulva on account of the oblong or obovoid male perianth and oblong staminal column. 2 By way of exception the leaves, also in fertile twigs, are arranged in three rows.

Citation

W. J. de Wilde – In: Gard. Bull. Sing. p 200
Hook, f. 1886 – In: Fl. Brit. India. p 105
A.DC. 1856 – In: Prodr. p 194
J. Sinclair 1975: p. 393. – In: Gard. Bull. Sing. p 141
King 1891: p. 298. – In: Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. Cale. pl. 124bis, 125bis.
Corner 1952: Wayside Trees. p 476
Miq. 1858 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat. p 62
J. Sinclair 1958: p. 393. – In: Gard. Bull. Sing. f. 36, pl. X-B
Corner 1940: Wayside Trees. p 476