Ochrosia

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Ochrosia

Description

Trees or shrubs with white latex. Branchlets terete, subangular or angular, glabrous, not lenticellate. Leaves in whorls of 2-4(-6), papyraceous to coriaceous when dried, glabrous. Inflorescence terminal and axillary cymes, in whorls or solitary, loose or congested, glabrous, often with bracts; Flowers sometimes fragrant, small, pedicellate; Sepals ovate, or suborbicular to orbicular, without colleters inside, connate at base. Stamens included, free from each other and gynoecium; Fruit usually apocarpous, rarely hemisyncarpous or syncarpous, drupaceous, smooth to verrucose, or with fine irregular ridges when dried, green and turning yellow, orange, red or purple when ripe; Seeds 1-3 on each placenta, with a wing-like structure along the margin.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical, Pacific Islands present, from the Mascarene Islands and Seychelles in the west and throughout South Asia, Indochina, Malesia, northern Australia, and Pacific Islands as far east as the Marquesas and Hawaiian Islands present
About 40 species, of which 13 species in Malesia. The majority of species are in the Pacific Islands Spread from the Mascarene Islands and Seychelles in the west and throughout South Asia, Indochina, Malesia, northern Australia, and Pacific Islands as far east as the Marquesas and Hawaiian Islands.


For a discussion of the generic and sectional delimitation and keys for the species within the sections see Hendrian (2004).

Citation

D.J. Middleton - in Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak. 2004: 42
Fosberg, Boiteau & Sachet - in Adansonia. 1977: 23
Fosberg & Sachet - in Micronesica. 1974: 254, 255
M.E. Endress & Bruyns - in Bot. Rev. 2000: 34
Pichon - in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris). 1947: 209
A.DC., Prodr. 1844: 356
K. Schum. - in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4. 1895: 156
Hendrian - in Blumea. 2004: 104
Valeton - in Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg. 1895: 225
Markgr. - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1927: 189
Fosberg, Boiteau & Sachet - in Adansonia. 1977: 28
Fosberg & Sachet - in Micronesica. 1974: 254
Fosberg & Sachet - in Micronesica. 1972: 48
Seem., Fl. Vit. 1865: 158
Leeuwenb. - in Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 1988: 47
Boiteau & L. Allorge - in Fl. Nouv. Caledonie. 1981: 64
D.J. Middleton - in Fl. Thailand. 1999: 64
H. Huber - in Abeyw. (ed.), Revis. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 1. 1973: 17
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 231
Boiteau & L. Allorge - in Fl. Nouv. Caledonie. 1981: 47
Markgr. - in Blumea. 1979: 241
Juss. - in PROSEA. 2001: 386
F. Muell. - in Fragm. 1871: 130
Markgr. - in Blumea. 1979: 233
P.I. Forst. - in Austrobaileya. 1993: 14
Pichon - in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris). 1947: 206
Markgr. - in Bernice P. Bishop Mus. Bull. 1936: 127
Pichon - in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris). 1947: 205
Pit. - in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3. 1933: 1130
Koidz. - in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 1923: 48