Hymenaea

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Hymenaea

Description

Trees. Leaves bifoliolate, petiolate. Stipules caducous. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate or corymbose-paniculate; bracts and bracteoles caducous. Flowers pedicelled, all parts pellucid-punctate. Petals 5, subequal, slightly zygomorphic, imbricate. Stamens 10, free, exserted; filaments folded in bud, more or less equal in length; anthers dorsifixed and versatile, longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary stipitate, excentric with adnate stipe, 3-15- (or more-)ovuled. Seeds non-arillate, exalbuminous.

Distribution

Africa:, Seychelles (Seychellespresent) Asia-Tropical: E tropical Africa: present Madagascar: present Mauritius: present Northern America: Southern America: tropical South America: present
A genus consisting of 14 species (including their varieties) (fide Lee & Langenheim, l.c.): 13 in Mexico, West Indies, and tropical South America; only one of them occurring in E tropical Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, and the Seychelles.. The following two species are cultivated in Malesia.

Uses

Producing commercially valuable gum-resins or copals and to a limited extent for medicinal purposes. The resin is also used in varnishes. The pulpy (endocarp) tissue surrounding the seeds is edible. See

Citation

Hutch. - in Gen. Pl. 1964: 243
Lee & Langenheim - in Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 1975: 51
Cowan & Polhill - in Polhill & Raven, Adv. Leg. Syst. 1. 1981: 130
Watson & Dallwitz - in Gen. Leg.- Caesalp. 1983: 34.
Brenan - in Fl. Trop. E Afr. 1967: 132.