Checklist

Checklist of Sulawesi Begonia

52 currently accepted indigenous species [20/4/2019]

1 introduced and naturalized species

 

Begonia aptera Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 97. 1827. Sect. Platycentrum

Diploclinium apterum (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 691. 1856

Lectotype (designated by Hughes, 2008): Indonesia, Sulawesi: Tondano, Anon. s.n. (L Herb. Lugd. Bat. 898194-39).

 

=Begonia renifolia Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 379. 1913

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Minahassa: Bojong, Wallich, N. 15188 (B).

 

=Begonia cristata Warb. ex L.B.Sm. & Wassh. in Phytologia 52(7): 442. 1983

Lectotype (designated by Smith & Wasshausen, 1983): Indonesia, Sulawesi: Minahassa: Tomohon, 4.1894, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 288 (K).

–‘Begonia cristata Warb. ex Koord.’, Nutuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indie 63: 90. 1904, nom. nud.

 

=Begonia aptera subsp. hirtissima Girm. & D.C.Thomas, Reinwardtia 13(1): 72. 2009

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Sulawesi Tenggara Sultra: Gunung Mekongga, 21.3.2006, Girmansyah, D. 654 (BO).

Isotype: E.

 

Begonia balgooyi D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Gard. Bull. Singapore 70(1): 164. 2018. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Tenggara, Kolaka District, Mangolo Forest Reserve, alt. 68 m, 3.2.2017, Ardi, W.H. 133 (BO).

Isotypes: KRB, SING.

 

Begonia bonthainensis Hemsl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew: 37. 1896. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Bonthain Peak, alt. 2134 m, 10.1894, Everett, A.H. 34 (K).

 

=Begonia grandipetala Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 377. 1913

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Bowonglangi, 24.4.1902, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 2154 (B).

 

Begonia capituliformis Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 354. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia [Sulawesi, North Sulawesi], Minahassa, Bojong, Warburg, O. 15190 (B).

 

Begonia carnosa Teijsm. & Binn., Epim. Lugd. Bat.: 4. 1863. Sect. Petermannia

Putative type material: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Menado: Kapateran, Teijsmann, J.E. s.n. (K).

 

Begonia celebica Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 343. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Poanaa Range (Bohaa on specimen label), alt. 1500 m, 22.9.1902, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 2069 (B).

 

Begonia chiasmogyna M.Hughes, Edinburgh J. Bot. 63(2-3): 193. 2006. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Gorantalo: Gunung Boliohutu, 0°52'59.998"N, 122°30'E, 23.4.2002, Mendum, M., Atkins, H.J., Newman, M., Hendrian & Sofyan, A. 167 (E).

 

Begonia comestibilis D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 226. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Katemujotup waterfall, alt. 1030 m, 5°16'30.9"S, 119°51'53.7"E, strongly disturbed forest at margin of coffee plantation, 11.4.2009, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 09-62 (E).

Isotypes: BO, L.

 

Begonia cuneatifolia Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 370. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Northern Sulawesi, Minahassa, Tomohon, 19.6.1894, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 494 (B).

Isotype: K

 

Begonia didyma D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 66(2): 230. 2009. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi,Sulawesi Selatan, Latimojong, Palopo, Rantebala (cultivated at Bali Botanic Garden from living material collected in the wild), 16.5.2008, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 08-77 (E).

Isotype: BO.

 

 Begonia flacca Irmsch., Webbia 9: 486. 1954. Sect. Petermannia

Lectotype (designated by Ardi et al., 2018): Indonesia, Sulawesi: South East Sulawesi: Kendari: Peninsula SE of Kendari, 1874, Beccari, O. 4501A (FI).

 

Begonia gambutensis Ardi & D.C.Thomas, Edinburgh J. Bot. 71(2): 260. 2014. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Cultivated in Bali Botanic Garden from vegetative material collected in the wild (Indonesia, Sulawesi, Gorontalo, Bone Bolango district, Suwawa Timur subdistrict, Gunung Gambuta, Desa Pinogu, side of river), alt. 700 m, 3.9.2013, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 13-802 (BO).

Isotypes: E, L.

 

Begonia gemella Warb. ex L.B.Sm. & Wassh., Phytologia 52(7): 443. 1983. Sect. Petermannia

Lectotype (designated by Smith & Wasshausen, 1983): Indonesia, Sulawesi: Minahassa, Koorders, S.H. 16243B (K).

Isolectotype: (B).

–‘Begonia gemella Warb. ex Koord.’ in Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 63: 91. 1904, nom. nud.

 

Begonia guttapila D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 66(2): 234. 2009. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Latimojong, Palopo, Rantebala (cultivated at Bali Botanic Garden from living material collected in the wild), 3°21'33"S, 120°7'33"E, 16.5.2008, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 08-81 (E).

Isotype: BO.

 

Begonia hekensis D.C.Thomas, Edinburgh J. Bot. 66(1): 110. 2009. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi,Sulawesi Tengah, Gunung Hek, alt. 1009 m, 1°1'43.32"S, 122°11'32.82"E, riverbank near waterfall, WP17, 12.4.2008, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 08-43 (E).

Isotypes: BO, CEB.

 

Begonia heteroclinis Miq. ex Koord. in Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 484. 1898. Sect. Petermannia

Putative type material: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Sulawesi, 1859, de Vriese, W.H. & Teijsmann, J.E. s.n. (L).

 

Begonia hirtella Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 396. 1822. Sect. Ephemera

[Introduced, naturalized]

 

Begonia hispidissima Zipp. ex Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 485. 1898. Sect. Petermannia

Lectotype (designated by Smith & Wasshausen, 1983): Indonesia, Sulawesi: Minahassa, alt. 1250 m, 10.4.1895, Koorders, S.H. 16241B (K).

Isolectotypes: B, BO, L.

 

Begonia hooveriana Wiriad., Reinwardtia 13(5): 445. 2013. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, South Sulawesi, Tanah Toraja, Central Park Makele, alt. 900 m, 3°6'15.2"S, 119°51'6.1"E (WGS84), 9.3.1998, Hoover, W.S. 885 (BO).

 

Begonia humilicaulis Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 356. 1914. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Sulawesi, Meyer, A.B. s.n. (B).

 

Begonia ignita C.W.Lin & C.I Peng, Gard. Bull. Singapore 69(1): 88. 2017. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, precise locality unknown, grown in cultivation in Bogor Botanic Gardens, 9.10.2016, Ardi, W.H. 117 (BO).

Isotype: SING

 

Begonia imperfecta Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 367. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Bada, alt. 1400 m, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 2126 (B).

 

Begonia incudiformicarpa Ardi & D.C.Thomas, Phytotaxa 381(1): 34. 2018. Sect. Jackia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi: Buton Island, Kakenauwe Village, 8.2.2017, Ardi, W.H. 147 (BO).

Isotypes: KRB, SING.

 

Begonia insueta D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 230. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Barat, Kab. Mamuju, Kec. Kaluku, Kp. Popangatalu, Bukit Tabase, alt. 100 m, 8.2.1993, Afriastini, J.J. 2085 (BO).

 

Begonia insularum Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 353. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Sangir Island, Warburg, O. 16107 (B).

 

Begonia iskandariana Ardi & D.C.Thomas, Phytotaxa 381(1): 37. 2018. Sect. Jackia

Holotype: Indonesia, INDONESIA, Southeast Sulawesi: Wawonii Island, 23 February 2017, Ardi, W.H. 184 (BO).

Isotypes: KRB, SING.

 

 Begonia johntania Ardi & D.C.Thomas, Phytotaxa 381(1): 39. 2018. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, North Konawe, Linomoyo transmigration village, alt. 94, 3°22'5.998"S, 122°5'24.111"E, 16 February 2017, Ardi, W.H. 163 (BO).

Isotypes: KRB, SING.

 

Begonia lasioura D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 233. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Mankutana-Pendolo divide, alt. 600 m, 2°21'29.1"S, 120°47'42.3"E, 3.5.2009, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 09-110 (E).

Isotypes: BO, L.

 

Begonia macintyreana M.Hughes, Edinburgh J. Bot. 63(2-3): 194. 2006. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Gorantalo: Nr Tulabolo, alt. 177 m, 0°29'38"N, 123°16'22.011"E, 4.4.2002, Mendum, M., Atkins, H.J., Newman, M., Hendrian & Sofyan, A. 2 (E).

Isotypes: A, L.

 

Begonia masarangensis Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 368. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Masarang, 23.4.1894, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 269 (B).

Isotype: K.

 

Begonia matarombeoensis D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Gard. Bull. Singapore 70(1): 168. 2018. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Tenggara, N of Linomoyo, Matarombeo, alt. 2 m, 3°19'34.72"S, 122°5'5.568"E, 14.2.2017, Ardi, W.H. 154 (BO).

Isotype: KRB, SING.

 

Begonia mekonggensis Girm. & Wiriad., Reinwardtia 13(1): 70. 2009. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Sulawesi Tenggara Sultra: Gunung Mekongga, 18.3.2006, Girmansyah, D. 579 (BO).

Isotype: E.

 

Begonia mendumiae M.Hughes, Edinburgh J. Bot. 63(2-3): 196. 2006. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Gorantalo: Gunung Ali, alt. 200 m, 0°24'N, 123°22'E, 28.4.2002, Mendum, M., Atkins, H.J., Newman, M., Hendrian & Sofyan, A. 240 (E).

 

Begonia multangula Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 96. 1827. Sect. Platycentrum

Diploclinium apterum (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 691. 1856

Platycentrum multangulum (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 695. 1856

Sphenanthera multangula (Blume) Klotzsch, Bot. Zeitung 15: 181. 1857

Casparya multangula (Blume) A.DC., Prodr. 15(1): 275. 1864.

Lectotype (designated by Hughes & Girmansyah, 2011): Indonesia, Java, Blume s.n. (BO[BO1818963])

 

=Platycentrum multangulum var. glabrata (Miq.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 695. 1856

=Begonia multangula var. glabrata Miq., Pl. Jungh. 4: 418. 1857

=Casparya multangula var. glabrata (Miq.) A.DC., Prodr. 15(1): 276. 1864

Type: Indonesia, Java, Gunung Merapi, F.W. Junghuhn s.n. (not located).

 

=Casparya crassicaulis A.DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., IV 11: 119. 1859

–‘Begonia crassicaulis (A.DC.) Warb.’, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(6A): 149. 1894, nom. illeg. [later homonym, non Lindl.]

=Begonia pachyrhachis L.B.Sm. & Wassh., Phytologia 52: 442. 1983

Holotype: W.H. de Vriese (K).

 

=Casparya robusta var. glabriuscula A.DC., Prodr. 15(1): 275. 1864

Lectotype (designated by Hughes, 2008): Indonesia, Java, 1 May 1845, H. Zollinger 2844 (B)

Isolectotypes: BM, P.

 

=Begonia trigonocarpa Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 38. 1917

Lectotype (designated by Hughes & Girmansyah, 2011): Sumatra, West Sumatra, Korinchi, Sungei Kumbang, 1 Apr 1914, H.C. Robinson & C.B. Kloss s.n. (BM [BM00001733])

Isolectotypes: BM, K.

 

Begonia discolor auct. non R.Br. sensu Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 96. 1827

 

Begonia nobmanniae D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 235. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Barat, Road Polewali to Mamasa, alt. 879 m, 3°18'51.9"S, 119°22'24.5"E, rocky wall at road side, primary forest margin, with B. aptera, 7.5.2009, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 09-123 (E).

Isotypes: BO, L.

 

Begonia ozotothrix D.C.Thomas, Edinburgh J. Bot. 66(1): 105. 2009. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Tengah, Gunung Katopas, alt. 615 m, 1°10'10.74"S, 121°28'24.3"E, on wet rock wall at riverbank, full-shade, 7.5.2008, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 08-67 (E).

Isotypes: BO.

 

Begonia prionota D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 237. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Gunung Rantemario, alt. 2175 m, 3°24'59"S, 119°59'34.7"E, steep river bank with Impatiens spec., Begonia aptera, Urticaceae, 27.4.2009, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 09-97 (E).

Isotypes: BO, L.

 

Begonia rachmatii Tebbitt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61(2-3): 101. 2005. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Gunung Babalombang, 8.1913, Rachmat 475 (L).

 

Begonia rantemarioensis D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 240. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Gunung Rantemario, alt. 1978 m, 3°24'32.3"S, 120°0'24.9"E, primary rainforest on steep slope, 24.4.2009, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 09-82 (E).

Isotypes: BO, L.

 

Begonia rieckei Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13(3-4): 387. 1891. Sect. Petermannia

=Begonia pseudolateralis Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. 1: 51. 1904

Holotype: Philippines, Luzon, Isabela Province, Malunu, Warburg, O. 11793 (B).

 

=Begonia peekelii Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: 360. 1913

Holotype: Papua New Guinea, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, New Ireland, New Mecklenburg, 21.9.1910, Peekel, G. 644 (B).

 

=Begonia strictipetiolaris Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 348. 1913

Type: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Minahassa: Tomohon, 11.7.1894, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 400a (B, K).

 

=Begonia brachybotrys Merr. & L.M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 24: 56. 1943

Holotype: Indonesia, New Guinea, Idenburg River, 4.1939, Brass, L.J. 14112 (A).

Isotype: Indonesia, New Guinea, Idenburg River, 4.1939, Brass, L.J. 14112 (L).

 

=Begonia koordersii Warb. ex L.B.Sm. & Wassh., Phytologia 52(7): 444. 1983

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Minahassa, 1.3.1895, Koorders, S.H. 16246B (K).

Isotypes: B, BO.

–‘Begonia koordersii Warb.’ in Koorders, Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 63: 91. 1904, nom. nud.

 

Begonia robusta Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 96. 1827. Sect. Platycentrum

Platycentrum robustum (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 694. 1856

Casparya robusta (Blume) A.DC., Prodr. 15(1): 275. 1864.

Type: not located.

 

=Begonia splendida K.Koch, Berliner Allg. Gartenzeitung 10: 74. 1857. Type: not located.

=Sphenanthera robusta Hassk. Ex Klotzsch, Bot. Zeitung 15: 182. 1857. Type: not located.

 

Begonia sanguineopilosa D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 243. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Barat, G. Mambulinin, alt. 1856 m, 2°53'42.5"S, 119°21'37.6"E, logged area at margin of primary rainforest, 11.5.2009, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 09-129 (E).

Isotypes: BO, L.

 

Begonia sarasinorum Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 349. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Bada, alt. 800 m, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 2114 (B).

 

Begonia siccacaudata J.Door., Blumea 45(2): 400. 2000. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Bantimurung Waterfalls, alt. 60 m, Wieringa, J.J. 1902 (WAG).

Isotype: L.

 

Begonia siregarii Ardi & D.C.Thomas, Edinburgh J. Bot. 71(2): 263. 2014. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Cultivated in Bali Botanic Garden from vegetative material collected in the wild (Indonesia, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Tana Toraja, Kete Kesu village, burial site), alt. 800 m, 2°59'53.1"S, 119°54'35.3"E (WGS84), 3.9.2013, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 13-801 (BO).

Isotypes: E, L.

 

Begonia sphenocarpa Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 369. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Mt. Topapu, alt. 1300 m, 17.9.1902, Sarasin, K.F. & Sarasin, P.B. 2100 (B).

 

Begonia stevei M.Hughes, Edinburgh J. Bot. 63(2-3): 197. 2006. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Loewoek distr.: Sungai Hek, alt. 660 m, 1°1'10.4"S, 122°10'30.2"E, 25.2.2004, Hendrian, Newman, M., Scott, S., Nazre Saleh, M. & Supriadi, D. 877 (E).

Isotypes: CEB, L

 

Begonia strachwitzii Warb. ex Irmsch., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(4): 357. 1913. Sect. Petermannia

Type: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Minahassa: Bojong, Warburg, O. 15192 (B [2 sheets]).

 

Begonia torajana D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 246. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Tana Toraja, Gunung Sesean, alt. 1819 m, 2°54'8.9"S, 119°52'40.9"E, at side of small stream, in full shade, with Cyrtandra, Urticaceae, ferns, 1.5.2009, Thomas, D.C. & Ardi, W.H. 09-106 (E).

Isotypes: BO, L.

 

Begonia tumburanoensis D.C.Thomas & Ardi, Phytotaxa 381(1): 45. 2018. Sect. Jackia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi: Wawonii Island, Tumburano waterfall, alt. 197, 4°3'42.048"S, 123°8'12.516"E, 23 February 2017, Ardi, W.H. 179 (BO).

Isotypes: KRB, SING.

 

Begonia varipeltata D.C.Thomas, Edinburgh J. Bot. 65(3): 370. 2006. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Tengah, cultivated at RBGE, from seed collected in the wild in Luwuk District, Bunta Subdistrict, Sumber Agung Village, Sungai SPA, alt. 200 m, 0°59'7.56"S, 122°9'17.28"E, 24.9.2007, Thomas, D.C. 07-21 (E).

Isotype: L.

 

Begonia vermeulenii D.C.Thomas, Edinburgh J. Bot. 68(2): 248. 2011. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Buntu area, Kampong Lokkok, alt. 1500 m, 3°13'S, 119°48'E, limestone slope with remnants of primary forest, secondary forest, low scrub, grassland and agricultural land; in disturbed primary forest with dense undergrowth, 15.9.2003, Vermeulen, J.J. 2301 (WAG).

Isotype: SING.

 

Begonia watuwilensis Girm., Reinwardtia 13(1): 70. 2009. Sect. Petermannia

Holotype: Indonesia, Sulawesi: Sulawesi Tenggara Sultra: Mt. Watuwila, 14.5.2008, Girmansyah, D. 914 (BO).

Isotype: E.