Elattostachys verrucosa

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Elattostachys verrucosa

Description

Small trees or shrubs, 4-22 m high, dbh 10-30 cm; Leaves 2-5-jugate; Inflorescences 1.5-6.5 cm long, in fruit 3-10 cm long; Sepals pale green or pale pink, (broadly) elliptic, rarely lanceolate, 1-2.7 by 0.5—1.6 mm. Petals white, 0.6-1.1 by 0.7-1.9 mm, outside shortly appressed-hairy or glabrous, margin ciliate, inside glabrous, claw 0.2-1.2 mm long, auricles woolly or ciliate. Ovary pale green; Fruits green or red-brown to black out-side, red-brown inside, ± globular, rounded-deltoid in cross section, 10-20 by 9-18 mm, wall 1.2-2.4(-3.7) mm thick, outside glabrous. Seeds ellipsoid to obovoid, 4-11 by 4-8 mm, sarcotesta 2-lobed, covering up to (¼—)l/2 of the seed.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Jawa (Jawa present); Lesser Sunda Is. present (Bali present); Maluku (Maluku present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present), Flores present, Lombok present, Luzon present, Mindoro present, Palawan present, Sulu present, Sumba present, Sumbawa present, Tanimbar Island present, Timor present, Wetar present
Malesia: Java, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Palawan, Sulu), Celebes, Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, Wetar, Timor), Moluccas (Tanimbar Island).

Notes

1. In this species the lower cotyledon only rarely tapers to a short point folded towards the rootlet.
2. Verheyen 2015/17 and Widjaja 1367 probably belong to this species, although they differ in their slightly larger fruits with thicker walls.

Citation

Leenh. - in Blumea. 1969: 88
Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 511
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Booms. Java. 1903: 212
Backer, Schoolfl. Java. 1911: 269
Backer & Bakh. f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 140
Radlk. - in Philipp. J. Sc, Bot. 1913: 447
Radlk. - in Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. CI. Konigl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Munchen. 1879: 601
Hallier - in Me-ded. Rijksherb. Leiden. 1914: 17
Leenh. - in Blumea. 1969: 88
Koord. & Valeton - in Atlas. 1913: f. 128
Merr. - in Philipp. J. Sc, Bot. 1908: 418
Schmutz - in Fl. Manggarai. 1978: Sapind. 3