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Trees of medium to large size. Leaves spirally arranged, rarely with a tendency to distichy, thin- to thick-coriaceous, concolorous to distinctly discolorous, glabrous or beneath hairy or scaly, margin entire or rarely (in non-Malesian species frequently) serrulate in the apical half. Stipules extrapetiolar, deltoid to linear-acute, caducous. Inflorescence erect, male, female, androgynous, or mixed, including bracts and bracteoles densely stellate-pubescent. Fruit more or less rounded with the adjoining sides flat, wall bony to woody;


Asia present, Asia-Temperate: Hainan (Hainan present); Korea present, Asia-Tropical: Assam (Assam present); Borneo present; East Himalaya (Bhutan present); Lesser Sunda Is. absent, Burma present, Japan present, NE. India present, NW. parts present, Nepal present, SE. Asia present, SW. North America present present, Siam present, Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Formosa present), eastern half of Java absent, except in the N. present
In her monograph, A. CAMUS recognized not less than 120 species. The distribution covers NE. India (Nepal, Bhutan, Assam), Burma, China (except in the N. and NW. parts),Korea, Japan, Formosa, Hainan, Indochina, Siam, Malesia, and SW. North America (1 sp.). The greatest assemblage and most primitive forms are found in SE. Asia (Indochina and Malesia). In Malesia 34 spp. (see ); the genus has been recorded from most islands except in the eastern half of Java and in the Lesser Sunda Islands; the largest number of species is found in Borneo. The only representative of the genus outside Asia, namely C. chrysophylla from SW. North America, has been recognized by HJELMQVIST (1948) and FOR-MAN (1966) as a separate genus, Chrysolepis, an opinion which I cannot share. .


SCHNEIDER 1906 – In: Illust. Handb. Laubh.: 159
FORMAN 1966 – In: Kew Bull.: 425
Miq. 1863 – In: Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat.: 103, 118
A. CAMUS 1930: Chât.: 243
HICKEL & A. CAMUS 1930 – In: Fl. Gén. I. -C.: 1007
BENTH. & HOOK.f. 1880 – In: Gen. Pl.: 409
REHD. & WILS. 1916 – In: Sargent, Pl. Wils. 3: 97
SOEPADMO 1968 – In: Reinwardtia: 384
King 1889 – In: Ann. R. Bot. Gard. Calc.: 93