Primary tabs



Trees or shrubs; Leaves spirally arranged, entire, thin- to thick-coriaceous, margin sometimes strongly recurved, glabrous or variously hairy at least beneath. Stipules extrapetiolar, mostly caducous. Inflorescence male, female, androgynous, or mixed, always erect, including bracts and bracteoles variously densely hairy. Fruit in cross-section rounded, sometimes falsely multi-septate by intrusions of the endocarp;


Asia-Temperate: Hainan (Hainan presentpresent); Korea presentpresent, Asia-Tropical: Assam (Assam present); East Himalaya (Bhutan present); Lesser Sunda Is. absent, Burma present, E. part of Java present, Japan present present, Madura absent, NE. parts of India present, Nepal present, Rossel Is present, SE. Moluccas absent, SW. part of the United States present, Siam present, Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Formosa present), Sudest present, United States present, W. parts present, except in the NW. present
About 300 spp., in the NE. parts of India (Nepal, Bhutan, Assam), Burma, China (except in the NW. and W. parts), Korea, Japan, Formosa, Hainan, Indochina, Siam, Malesia, and 1 species in the SW. part of the United States. The most primitive species (L. elegans) occurs in most areas except in Korea, Japan, Hainan, and the United States. In Malesia c. 110 spp., distributed throughout the region eastwards to Sudest and Rossel Is. The genus is rare in the E. part of Java, absent in Madura, the Lesser Sunda Islands, and the SE. Moluccas. .


BARN. 1942 – In: Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinb.: 332
Blume 1829: Fl. Jav. Cupul.: 34
KOIDZ. 1916 – In: Bot. Mag. Tokyo: 186
SCHWARZ 1936 – In: Notizbl. Berl.-Dahl.: 6
A. CAMUS 1954 – In: Chênes: 511
HANCE 1849 – In: Hook., J. Bot. 1: 175
OERST. 1930 – In: Fl. Gén. I.-C.: 962
HICKEL & A. CAMUS 1921 – In: Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot.: 386
REHD. & WILS. 1917 – In: Sargent. Pl. Wils.: 205
PRANTL 1889 – In: E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 3: 55
SOEPADMO 1970 – In: Reinwardtia: 197
SCHWARZ 1936 – In: Notizbl. Berl.-Dahl.: 6
GAMBLE 1915 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng.: 411
OUDEM. 1865 – In: Natuurk. Verh. Kon. Akad.: 19