Primary tabs



Trees, dioecious. Leaves simple, distichous; Stipules falcate, early caducous, tomentose. Inflorescences dense axillary clusters of 2-many flowers (reduced thyrses), tomentose, brachyblasts increasing in size with age; Flowers actinomorphic; Fruits globose rhegmas, outside densely tomentose, reticulately wrinkled when dry, with 6 raised lines, dehiscing completely septicidally and partly loculicidally into 3 bifid pieces; Seeds ovoid, flattened, 1-3 per fruit, black, glossy, abaxially covered up to ⅔ rd by a thin, sometimes lobed aril, lobes sometimes touching adaxially;


Asia-Tropical: Borneo present (Sarawak present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present, Singapore absent); Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), W Malesia present
The genus comprises 3 species, all found in Malesia. One is widespread in W Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi; not known from Singapore), the others are endemics in Sarawak or in the Philippines.


Pax & K.Hoffm. 1911 – In: Engl., Pflanzenr. 147. p 95
G.L.Webster 1994 – In: Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. p 65
Radcl.-Sm. 2001: Gen. Euphorbicearum. p 115
Whitmore 1973 – In: Tree Fl. Malaya. p 134
Hook.f. 1983: Alphabet. Enum. Euphorb. Philipp. Isl. p 46
Bulalacao & On 1992 – In: Natl. Mus. Pap. (Philippines). p 67
Pax 1890 – In: Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 3. p 84
Hook.f. 1919 – In: Pflanzenr. p 42
Airy Shaw 1975 – In: Kew Bull. p 201
Ridl. 1922 – In: Fl. Malay Penins. p 290
Welzen, Bulalacao & On 1995 – In: Blumea. p 368
Hook.f. 1981 – In: Kew Bull. p 350