Phoenix theophrasti Greuter

Phoenix theophrasti Greuter


    Flora Treatment

    Turland, N. J. 2023: Arecaceae (ed. 1). – In: Flora of Greece Editorial Committee (ed.), Flora of Greece Volume 1. – Athens: Hellenic Botanical Society; Berlin: Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin.

    Taxon info

    Phoenix theophrasti is one of only two native species of palms in Europe, the other being Chamaerops humilis of the W Mediterranean region. It was known already to Theophrastos, but long believed to be a primitive form of the cultivated date palm, being recognized as an independent species as late as 1967. It grows by sandy beaches and estuaries with a main population of several hundred trees at the “palm beach” of Vai in E Kriti. The small dates have a pleasant, sweet taste. Seeds germinate easily in damp coastal sand, and there is vigorous regeneration in the Vai population. Some additional small groups of trees occur elsewhere in the S Aegean area and in the Datça Peninsula of SW Anatolia.A
    A. Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, Th., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013: Vascular plants of Greece: An annotated checklist. 31: p. 320 [Plate 2.8]


    GR(Pe Kik KK EAe

    Greece (East Aegean islands present; Kiklades present; Kriti and Karpathos present; Peloponnisos present)


    Native / Non Range-Restricted


    East Mediterranean




    Woodlands and scrub, Freshwater habitats, Cliffs, rocks, walls, ravines, boulders

    IUCN category


    Presidential Decree 67/81


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