Spot-characters to aid identification of Malesian Menispermaceae

1Erect tree or shrub:
1'Wood yellow:
1''Stems strongly tuberculate:
1'''Bark detaching as a parchment-like layer:
1''''Bark pale contrasting with blackish petioles:
1'''''White latex present:
1''''''Leaves very finely and closely striate on upper surface:
1'''''''Leaves whitish tomentellous beneath, large:
1''''''''Domatia (pocket or aperturate) or glandular patches in basal and/or main nerve axils, leaves large:
1'''''''''Petiole rugulose, leaves narrow:
1''''''''''Nervation penninerved (base with lowermost nerves sometimes crowded but not clearly 3-nerved):