Cocculus laurifolius

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Cocculus laurifolius


Erect shrub or tree up to 6 m, with main stem up to 12 cm ø. Branchlets glabrous. Leaves:


Asia-Temperate: Taiwan (Taiwan present), Asia-Tropical: India present; Jawa (Jawa present); Philippines (Philippines present); Thailand (Thailand present), Burma present, Japan present, Luzon present, Mindoro present, Nepal present, Palawan present, S. China present
India to Nepal, Burma, S. China, Japan, Taiwan, Indochina and Thailand; in Malesia: Suma-tra, throughout Java, Philippines (Palawan, Luzon, Mindoro).


BURKILL (1935) records the presence of an alkaloid in the bark which has an action similar to that of curare, and is known as cocculine or coclau-rine.


In contrast to C. trilobus, C. laurifolius displays remarkably little variation in its leaf-shape. This may be connected with the fact that this species is not a climber, but an erect shrub or small tree, one of the rare examples of this life-form in the family. Judging from dried material, the fruits appear to be much less fleshy than those of C. trilobus, but notes on their size and colour in the fresh state are lacking.
Although the species occurs in Thailand and Indo-china and again in Sumatra and Java, it apparently does not occur in the Malay Peninsula.
Cultivated as an ornamental in milder parts of Europe and North America.


BACK. & BAKH.f. 1963 – In: Fl. Java: 159
HOOK.f. & TH. 1872 – In: Fl.Br. India: 101
K. & V. 1903 – In: Bijdr.: 95
YAMAMOTO 1944 – In: J. Soc. Trop. Agric.: 102
MIERS 1871 – In: Contr. Bot.: 276
DC. 1868 – In: Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat.: 84
FOR-MAN 1962 – In: Kew Bull.: 485
Koord. 1912 – In: Exk. Fl. Java: 231
BURK. 1935 – In: Dict.: 594
BOERL. 1899 – In: Cat. Hort. Bog.: 39
COLEBR. 1822 – In: Trans. Linn. Soc.: 65
FORMAN 1974: p. 479. – In: Kew Bull.: t. 15A-G.
DELESS. 1820: p. 25. – In: Ic. Pl.: t. 97
MIERS 1871 – In: Contr. Bot.: 277
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 149
HASSK. 1848: Pl. Jav. Rar.: 167
WALP. 1846 – In: Rep.: 17
BACK. 1911: Schoolfl. Java: 45
Diels 1910: p. 239. – In: Pfl. R.: f. 79
HOOK.f. &TH. 1855: Fl. Ind.: 191
Miq. 1858 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat.: 81
SCHEFF. 1873: p. 393. – In: Nat. Tijd. N. I.: t. 12