Primary tabs



Slender woody climbers, erect shrubs or small trees. Leaves not peltate, rarely lobed (in Mal. spp.). Inflorescences cymose or thyrsoid. Seed curved almost into a ring, broad, dorsiventrally flattened;


Africa present, Asia-Tropical: Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), Central & North America present, E. Asia present, Polynesia present
Central & North America, Africa, SE.-E. Asia, Malesia (Malaya, Sumatra, Java, Philippines) to Polynesia. In all 8 spp.


I made a special study (1974) of the ornamentation patterns of the endocarp of 7 species which show a remarkable variety, even allowing them to be identified by a key and from SEM photographs.
The leaf-epidermal characters of the genus were investigated by .


MIERS 1867 – In: Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. p 27
Diels 1910: p. 227. – In: Pfl. R. f. 78 & 79
MIERS 1871: p. 270. – In: Contr. Bot. t. 126
DC. 1974: p. 477. – In: Kew Bull. t. 14 & 15
FORMAN 1962 – In: Kew Bull. p 479
MIERS 1871 – In: Contr. Bot. p 253
DC. 1968 – In: Kew Bull. p 372