Dianthus caryophyllus

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Dianthus caryophyllus


Perennial herb, somewhat woody at the base, loosely caespitose, usually glaucous, up to 80 cm. Leaves glaucous, glabrous, linear-narrowly elliptic, 2-3 mm broad, rather rigid, almost flat. Inflorescence an open cyme with few, rather large, strongly fragrant flowers. Petals white, pink or red, or yellow, with dentate lamina.


Asia-Tropical: Jawa (Jawa cultivated), all over the world in temperate to subtropical regions cultivated
The origin of the cultivated carnation is uncertain, but it is an old Mediterranean ornamental grown all over the world in temperate to subtropical regions, often in double-flowered cultivars. In Malesia grown as ornamental in the montane regions of Java.


Hybrids between this species and D. chinensis are also grown as ornamentals.


Backer 1911: Schoolfl. Java: 81
Backer & Bakh. f. 1963 – In: Fl. Java: 213
Lu Dequan 1996: p. 420. – In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sin.: f. 108: 7-10
N.C. Majumdar 1993 – In: Fl. India: 528
Edgew. & Hook. f. 1874 – In: Fl. Brit. India: 214
Roxb. 1832 – In: Fl. Ind., ed. Carey: 446
Pham-hoàng Hô 1991: p. 932. – In: Ill. Fl. Vietnam: f. 2620