Parinari

Primary tabs

Parinari

Description

Small or large trees or rarely shrubs. Leaves usually with stomatal crypts filled with pubescence on lower surface or rarely glabrous, or lanate pubescent without crypts. Stipules small to large, persistent or caducous. Inflorescence a many-flowered complex cyme or cymose panicle. Flowers hermaphrodite. Petals 5, as long as or shorter than sepals, caducous. Stamens 6-10, unilateral, the filaments glabrous, included, with c. 6 minute staminodes opposite. Ovary inserted on upper half of receptacle tube below mouth, pilose on exterior; Fruit a fleshy drupe;

Distribution

Africa present, Asia-Tropical, Australasia, Pacific present, Pantropical present, neotropics present, northern Queensland present, tropical Asia present
Pantropical with 18 species in the Neotropics, 6 in Africa and 15 in tropical Asia (P. anamensis), Malesia, the Pacific region (P. insularam) and northern Queensland, Australia; in Malesia 13 species.

Uses

The fruit of several species are edible, but little-used.

Notes

Since inflorescences and flowers are uniform in the Malesian region, the species are difficult to separate; a key containing all 15 Australasian species, based on leaf characters only, is given here.

Citation

BENTH. - in HOOK., Niger Fl. 1849: 333
BAILL. - in Hist. Pl. 1869: 435, 482
CORNER, Wayside Trees. 1940: 527
ENDL., Gen. 1840: n. 6411
WHITE - in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 1976: 310
AUBL. - in Fl. Zamb. 1978: 36
FOCKE - in E. & P., Nat. PH. Fam. 3. 1891: 60
SMITH - in Fl. Vit. Nov. 1985: 44
K. & V. - in Bijdr. 1900: 332
AUBL. - in Distr. Pl. Afr. 1976: 327
MIQ. - in Stirp. Surin. Select. 1850: 7
MERR. - in Enum. Philip. Flow. Pl. 1923: 235
JUSS. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1858: 1084
BOERL. - in Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1890: 421, 424
MIQ. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 237
HOOK. f. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1878: 308
KOSTERM. - in Reinwardtia. 1965: 7
BURK., Dict. 1935: 1693
HUTCH. - in Gen. Flow. Pl. 1964: 192
JUSS. - in Mélang. Bot. 1855: 10
R.BR - in Tuckey, Nar. Exped. Riv. Zaire Cong. 1818: 433
KING - in J. As. Soc. Beng. 1897: 276
G.DON - in Gen. Syst. 1832: 478
BENTH. - in Hook., Niger Fl. 1849: 335
BENTH. - in Fl. Austr. 1864: 426
MIQ., Suppl. Sumatra. 1860: 306
C.MUELL. - in Walp., Ann. 4. 1857: 644
FRITSCH - in Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien. 1889: 33
BACKER - in Schoolfl. Java. 1911: 445
PRANCE - in Fl. Venez. 1982: 325
BACKER & BAKH. f. - in Fl. Java. 1964: 521
MEISSN., Gen.: 102
BLUME - in Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1852: 94
HOOK. f - in Mart., Fl. Bras. 14. 1867: 49
LAMK - in Encycl. Méth. Bot. 1804: 17
BAILEY - in Queensl. Fl. 1900: 524
RIDLEY, Fl. Mal. Pen. 1922: 666
POIR. - in Dict. Sci. 1825: 544
BARTL., Ord. Nat. 1830: 406
ST.HIL. - in Expos. Fam. 1804: 194
BENTH. - in Hook. J. Bot. 1840: 211, 218
HAUMAN - in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 1951: 184
PRANCE - in Fl. Neotrop. 1972: 178
KURZ - in For. Fl. Burma. 1877: 432
PRANCE & WHITM. - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1973: 332
STEUD., Norn. 1821: 591
DC. - in Prod. 1825: 526
BRANDIS, Indian Trees. 1906: 278
HOOK. f. - in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 1. 1865: 607
MIQ. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1855: 352