Primary tabs



Leaves basal, subulate to linear, expanded at the base to form a sheath. Inflorescence a raceme or more often a panicle. Ovary superior, sessile, globose or subglobose, 3-celled; Capsule dehiscing loculicidally; Seeds angular or globose, usually solitary in each locule.


Asia-Tropical, Australasia, Cape Province present, Madagascar present, S. Papua New Guinea present, South Africa present, W. Distr.: Wassi Kussa area present
Madagascar (1 sp.), South Africa (2 spp.; Cape Province) and Australia (7-9 spp.), of which one species also occurs in Malesia: S. Papua New Guinea (W. Distr.: Wassi Kussa area).


Generically this group is regarded as well-defined by the spirally-twisting perianth and 2-ovuled locules. The South African monotypic genus Nanolirion Bth. (1883) was formerly distinguished by having a 1-3-flowered inflorescence (Phillips, 1951), but Obermeyer (1973) placed it under Caesia.


Baker - in Fl. Cap. 1897: 400
Ewart, Fl. Vict. 1930: 289
Bailey - in Queensl. Fl. 1902: 1632
Obermeyer - in Bothalia. 1973: 122
Krause - in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam., ed. 2, 15a. 1930: 288
Black - in Fl. S. Austr. 1943: 192
Baker - in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1876: 357
Payens - in Nova Guinea n.s. 1957: 383
Bth. - in Fl. Austr. 1878: 46
Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl., ed. 2. 1951: 1002
Schlittler - in Mitt. Bot. Mus. Un. Zurich. 1957: map
Hutch. - in Fam. Fl. Pl., ed. 2. 1959: 596