Champereia manillana

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Champereia manillana


Small tree, mostly 4-8 m, sometimes up to 20 m, or shrub; Leaves glabrous, ovate, oblong, or lanceolate, (4.5-) 6-18 (-25) by (1.5-) 2-8 (-11) cm; Panicles solitary or in groups of 2-4;


Andamans present, Asia-Temperate: Taiwan (Taiwan present), Asia-Tropical, NW. New Guinea present, SE. Asia present
Andamans and SE. Asia to Taiwan, throughout Malesia to NW. New Guinea. .


Young leaves and young fruits are eaten as vegetables; according to BURKILL () and many labels; BURKILL (l.c) and many collectors recorded the fruits to be eaten in Thailand, Malaya, the Kangean Is., Flores, N. Borneo, and the Philippines (Luzon, Palawan). Leaves and roots are pounded to make a poultice for ulcers, and the boiled root is used for rheumatism in Malaya (BURKILL, l.c.). Mindanao: leaves pounded and applied for headache and stomachache (fide FRAKE in sched.).


The species is extremely variable in vegetative characters, especially in form and size of leaves. The greatest variation is found in N. Borneo and the Philippines. Specimens from Luzon (and Taiwan) often have relatively small leaves; the largest leaves are found in Samar and N. Borneo. But leaves of similar extreme sizes occur in other localities, too, and the number of main side-nerves is rather constant. Therefore it is impossible to accept the species described and named by MERRILL.
The flowers are rather uniform. The ovary of the flowers obviously develops rarely into a fruit. The variation of the size of the fruits is considerable, but the extreme forms are irregularly scattered over the whole area of distribution, e.g. relatively large fruits occur at the western (Andamans) and at the northeastern border (Samar) of this area.


ITO 1927: Illust. Form. Pl.: t. 523
Ridl. 1924 – In: Fl. Mal. Pen.: 172
Merr. 1912: Fl. Manila: 185
Hook.f. 1886 – In: Fl. Br. India: 236
KURZ 1876 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng.: 123
HUANG 1968 – In: Taiwania: 229
Koord. 1925 – In: Exk. Fl. Java
BACK. & BAKH.f. 1965 – In: Fl. Java: 67
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 116
VIDAL 1883: Sin. Atlas: t. 81, f. D
KURZ 1885: Phan. Cuming.: 141
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 116
GAMBLE 1912 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng.: 277
KURZ 1886: Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip.: 232
LI 1976: p. 233. – In: Fl. Taiwan: f. 279
Merr. 1916 – In: Philip. J. Sc.: Bot. 268
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 116
LI 1963: Woody Fl. Taiwan: 142: f. 50
PARKINS. 1923: For. Fl. Andam.: 231
Merr. 1962 – In: Illust. Lign. Pl. Taiwan: 808
BURK. 1935: Dict.: 520
HIEPKO 1979 – In: Willdenowia: 16
Merr. 1918: Sp. Blanc.: 133
HATUS. 1966 – In: Mem. Fac. Ag-ric. Kagoshima Univ.: 27