Hordeum bulbosum L.

Hordeum bulbosum L.

Synonymy

    • =Hordeum nodosum L.
    • Hordeum bulbosum subsp. nodosum (L.) B.R. Baum
    • =Secale creticum L.
    https://media.e-taxonomy.eu/flora-greece/thumbs/Plate_19/HordeumBulbosum7.jpg

    Taxon info

    Hordeum bulbosum is a perennial, outbreeding relative of the cultivated barley, with a swollen, bulb-like culm base. It is widespread in the Mediterranean region and SW Asia, with diploids in the west and tetraploids in the east, the border following more or less the Pindos mountains. Fairly common at low and moderate altitudes, it may be gregarious along roads.A
    A. Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, Th., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013: Vascular plants of Greece: An annotated checklist. 31: p. 354 [Plate 19.1]

    Distribution

    GR(IoI NPi SPi Pe StE EC NC NE NAe WAe Kik KK EAe

    Greece (East Aegean islands present; East Central Greece present; Ionian Islands present; Kiklades present; Kriti and Karpathos present; North Aegean islands present; North Central Greece present; North Pindos present; North-East Greece present; Peloponnisos present; South Pindos present; Sterea Ellas present; West Aegean islands present)

    Status

    Native / Non Range-Restricted

    Chorology

    Subtropical-tropical

    Life-form

    Hemicryptophyte

    Habitat

    Agricultural and Ruderal habitats

    IUCN category

    Least Concern

    Presidential Decree 67/81

    No

    Notes

    This species comprises diploids in the W & C Mediterranean area to W Greece and tetraploids from C Greece eastwards to Afghanistan, the border following the Pindos mountains. However, the two cytotypes cannot be distinguished morphologically and a taxonomic subdivision of the species is not recommended (Jørgensen 1982).

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