Dioecious shrubs to large trees to 36 m tall with thin more or less smooth brownish bark with scattered lenticels, reddish and somewhat fibrous within, breaking off in occasional flakes on larger specimens. Leaves spirally placed, single veined, and alternating with elongated appressed scales which are loosely clustered at the shoot apices to form foliar buds between episodes of growth.
Asia-Tropical: Borneo present; Malaya present; Maluku (Maluku present); New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present), Lingga present, Mindoro present, N. & Central Celebes present, New Caledonia present, Obi I present, Riouw-Lingga Arch present
New Caledonia (1 sp.); in Malesia: New Guinea, Moluccas (Obi I.), N. & Central Celebes, Philippines (Mindoro), Borneo, Riouw-Lingga Arch. (Lingga), and Malaya.
Obviously related to Dacrydium but differing in the dimorphic foliage with specialized fertile shoots and the exposed hump of the epimatium opposite the base of the seed. In Dacrydium the base of the seed lies close to its attachment and is always well covered by the subtending bract.