Erythropalum scandens

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Erythropalum scandens


Scandent shrub or liana, glabrous, 3-10 m; Leaves variable in shape and size, triangularly ovate to ovate- or lanceolate-oblong, apex acuminate, tip acute, base broadly attenuate-truncate, rarely sub-cordate, mostly a little peltate, membranaceous to firmly chartaceous, rarely coriaceous, deep green above, glaucescent beneath when fresh, yellowish greenish in the dry state, fetid when bruised, (5-) 6-16 (-20, -25) by 6-12 (-15) cm; Inflorescences peduncled, lax, very slender, repeatedly di-chotomous and many-flowered cymes, up to 15 cm long, these sometimes reduced to subsessile rather few-flowered cymes or fascicles; Petals 5, ovate-triangular, glabrous, 1.5-2 mm. Stamens with a tuft of hairs on either side; Seed indigo blue, evil smelling.


Andaman Is present, Asia-Temperate: Hainan (Hainan present), Asia-Tropical: Assam (Assam present); Borneo present; Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); Philippines (Philippines present); Sumatera (Sumatera present); Thailand (Thailand present), Bengal present, Burma present, E. Himalaya present, Flores present, Kei Is present, Lesser Sunda Is present, Minahasa present, NE. Celebes present, S. India present, S. Moluccas present, SW. China present, Sulu Arch present, Talaud Is present
S. India, E. Himalaya to Assam, Bengal, Burma, the Andaman Is., Indochina, Thailand, SW. China (incl. Hainan); in Malesia: Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Is. (Flores), NE. Celebes (Minahasa), Philippines (incl. Sulu Arch.), Talaud Is.
Mentioned to occur in the Kei Is. (S. Moluccas) by WARBURG () possibly due to an erroneous identification. Sterile material can be (and has been) confused with Cardiopteris moluccana and with Menispermaceae (e.g. Tinospora).


Ridl. 1922 – In: Fl. Mal. Pen.: 436
BOERL. 1890 – In: Handl.: 208
Koord. 1912 – In: Exk. Fl. Java: 172
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 118
CERON 1892: Cat. Pl. Herb. Manila: 45
CRAIB 1926 – In: Fl. Siam. En.: 271
Merr. 1919 – In: Philip. J. Sc.: 242
King 1895 – In: J. As. Soc. Beng.: 130
BURK. 1935: Dict.: 949
GAGN. 1948: Fl. Gen. I.-C.: 741
MAST. 1875 – In: Fl. Br. India: 578
VALET. 1886: Crit. Overz. Olacin.: 130
Ridl. 1900 – In: J. Str. Br. R. As. Soc.: 61
Bl. 1910: Ann. Jard. Bot. Btzg: 854
Merr. 1929: Pl. Elm. Born.: 58
VIDAL 1885: Phan. Cuming. Philip.: 85
SLEUM. 1980 – In: Blumea: 151
HATUS. 1966: Fl. Batanl.: 27
PIERRE 1892: Fl. For. Coch.: t. 269 f. A
HOLTH. & LAM 1942 – In: Blumea: 78
HOCHR. 1904 – In: Bull. Inst. Bot. Btzg: 39
BACK. 1911: Schoolfl. Java: 223
Bl. 1905 – In: Bull. Inst. Bot. Btzg: 102
STEEN. 1967 – In: Blumea: 153
BART-LETT 1929 – In: Pap. Mich. Ac. Sc.: 49
GAGN. 1911: p. 822. – In: Fl. Gen. I.-C.: f. 96
Miq. 1856 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat.: 704
BACK. & BAKH.f. 1965 – In: Fl. Java: 65
BURK. & HENDERS. 1925 – In: Gard. Bull. S. S.: 358
HASSK. 1848: Pl. Jav. Rar.: 193
O.K. 1891 – In: Rev. Gen. Pl.: 111