Peltophorum pterocarpum

Primary tabs

Peltophorum pterocarpum

Description

Tree up to 35 m high and 80(-100) cm in diam., deciduous; young shoots ferrugineous pubescent or tomentose, glabrescent. Leaf rachis up to 26 cm and petiole up to 10 cm; pinnae 4-14 pairs. Stipules small, linear, not branched, caducous. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, paniculate, up to 40 cm long, densely ferrugineous pubescent; bracts minute, deltoid, 5-8 mm long, caducous; pedicels usually 5-7 mm. Petals bright yellow, obovate, 17-25 by 10-13 mm, densely hairy towards the basal part. Stamens: filaments 12-15 mm; anthers 3 mm long. Ovary stipitate, hairy, 3- or 4-ovuled. Seeds oblong, flat, 10-12 by 5 mm, light brown, longitudinally positioned in the pod.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Cambodia (Cambodia present); Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka present); Thailand (Thailand present), S Vietnam present, throughout Malesia to northern Australia present
Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, S Vietnam, throughout Malesia to northern Australia.

Uses

Widely introduced and cultivated in the tropics. Planted as a shade tree in plantations and as a very attractive ornamental in parks and along roadsides. Barks used for dyes and for various medicinal purposes. See .

Citation

Verdc. 1979 – In: Manual New Guinea Leg., Lae Bot. Bull. p 16
Whitmore 1972: p. 268. – In: Tree Fl. Malaya. f. 2
Ridley 1922 – In: Fl. Malay Penins. 646.
Miq. 1855 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat. 111.
Backer & Bakh.f 1964 – In: Fl. Java. p 547
Merr. 1910 – In: Philipp. J. Sc., Bot. 57.
Hattink 1974 – In: Reinwardtia. p 59
Koord. 1913 – In: Atlas. f. 22
Cockb. 1976: p. 175. – In: Trees Sabah. f. 38
K. & S.S. Larsen 1980: p. 62. – In: Fl. Camb., Laos & Vietnam. pl. 11/8-11
Rudd 1991 – In: Fl. Ceylon. 57.
Koord. & Valeton 1895: p. 3. – In: Bijdr. Booms. Java. incl. var. glanduliferum Koord. & Valeton
Decne. 1835: Herb. Timor descr. p 134
K. & S.S. Larsen 1984: p. 54. – In: Fl. Thailand. f. 12/7-10