Fimbristylis falcata

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Fimbristylis falcata


Glabrous perennial with woody, shortly creeping rhizome covered with the fibrous remains of old leaf- sheaths. Leaves shorter than the stems, rigid, flat, often with inrolled scabrid margins, often recurved, ab- ruptly pointed, 1½-3 mm wide; Inflorescence compound or subdecompound, loose, 3-15 cm long. Stamens 3;


Asia-Tropical: India present; New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present); Thailand (Thailand present), Burgos present, Ceylon present, Gazelle Peninsula present, Ilocos present, Luzon present, Madagascar? present, Manila present, Morobe Distr present, New Britain present, Norte Prov present, Sepik Distr present
Madagascar?, Ceylon, throughout India, Thailand, Indo-China; in Malesia very rare: Philippines (Luzon: Manila; Burgos, Ilocos, Norte Prov.), New Guinea (Sepik Distr., Morobe Distr.), New Britain (Gazelle Peninsula).


In the herbaria it is often confused with F. cymosa, to which it is similar in habit; characteristic of F. falcata are the thick, creeping rhizome, the conspicuous scarious margins of the glumes, the pale nuts, and the bristly appendage of the anthers.
According to a field-note (HENTY 161, from New Guinea), the roots are slightly aromatic, smelling of sage.


KUNTH 1907 – In: Philip. J. Sc.: Bot. 97
Merr. 1923 – In: En. Philip.: 123
BOECK. 1871 – In: Linnaea: 49
CAMUS 1912 – In: Fl. Gén. I.-C.: 119
Clarke 1893 – In: Fl. Br. Ind.: 647
KERN 1955 – In: Blumea: 113
KÜK. 1924 – In: Bot. Jahrb.: 50
BOECK. 1871 – In: Linnaea: 48
DIETR. 1839 – In: Syn. Pl.: 201
STEUD. 1855 – In: Syn.: 120
F.-VILL. 1882: Nov. App.: 308
Miq. 1856 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat.: 325
STEUD. 1855 – In: Syn.: 120
STEUD. 1855 – In: Syn.: 119
Miq. 1856 – In: Fl. Ind. Bat.: 327